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Does renewable energy consumption drive economic growth: Evidence from granger-causality techniques

Author

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  • Hlalefang Khobai

    () (Department of Economics, Nelson Mandela University)

  • Pierre Le Roux

    () (Department of Economics, Nelson Mandela University)

Abstract

This study investigates the causal relationship between renewable energy consumption and economic growth in South Africa. It incorporates carbon dioxide emissions, capital formation and trade openness as additional variables to form a multivariate framework. Quarterly data is used for the period 1990 – 2014 and is tested for stationarity using the Augmented Dickey Fuller (ADF), Dickey Fuller Generalised Least Squares (DF-GLS) and Phillips and Perron (PP) unit root tests. The study employs the Autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model to examine the long run relationship among the variables. Lastly, the study determines the direction of causality between the variables using the Vector Error Correction Model (VECM). The results validated an existence of a long run relationship between the variables. Moreover, a unidirectional causality flowing from renewable energy consumption to economic growth was established in the long run. The short run results suggested a unidirectional causality flowing from economic growth to renewable energy consumption. The findings of the study suggest that an appropriate and effective public policy is required in the long run, while considering sustainable economic growth and development.

Suggested Citation

  • Hlalefang Khobai & Pierre Le Roux, 2017. "Does renewable energy consumption drive economic growth: Evidence from granger-causality techniques," Working Papers 1708, Department of Economics, Nelson Mandela University, revised Aug 2017.
  • Handle: RePEc:mnd:wpaper:1708
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Danielle Denes dos Santos Carstens & Sieglinde Kindl da Cunha, 2018. "Solar Energy Growth in Brazil: Essential Dimensions for the Technological Transition," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 8(4), pages 293-302.
    2. Aydin, Mucahit, 2019. "The effect of biomass energy consumption on economic growth in BRICS countries: A country-specific panel data analysis," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 138(C), pages 620-627.
    3. Ibitoye J. Oyebanji & Hlalefang Khobai & Pierre Le Roux, 2019. "Green Growth Policies and Sustainable Economic Growth in South Africa: An Autoregressive Distributed Lag and Toda-Yamamoto Approach," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 9(1), pages 184-193.
    4. Hlalefang Khobai & Nwabisa Kolisi & Clement Moyo & Izunna Anyikwa & Siyasanga Dingela, 2020. "Renewable Energy Consumption and Unemployment in South Africa," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 10(2), pages 170-178.
    5. Bothwell Nyoni & Andrew Phiri, 2020. "Renewable Energy - Economic Growth Nexus in South Africa: Linear, Nonlinear or Non-existent?," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 10(6), pages 635-644.
    6. Raúl Arango-Miranda & Robert Hausler & Rabindranarth Romero-Lopez & Mathias Glaus & Sara P. Ibarra-Zavaleta, 2018. "Carbon Dioxide Emissions, Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: A Comparative Empirical Study of Selected Developed and Developing Countries. “The Role of Exergy”," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(10), pages 1-16, October.
    7. Tarek Safwat Kabel & Mohga Bassim, 0. "Literature Review of Renewable Energy Policies and Impacts," European Journal of Marketing and Economics, European Center for Science Education and Research, vol. 0, EJME May .
    8. Raul Arango Miranda & Robert Hausler & Rabindranarth Romero Lopez & Mathias Glaus & Jose Ramon Pasillas-Diaz, 2020. "Testing the Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis in North America’s Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Countries," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(12), pages 1-13, June.
    9. Daniel Balsalobre-Lorente & Nuno Carlos Leitão & Festus Victor Bekun, 2021. "Fresh Validation of the Low Carbon Development Hypothesis under the EKC Scheme in Portugal, Italy, Greece and Spain," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 14(1), pages 1-17, January.
    10. Yilmaz Bayar & Marius Dan Gavriletea, 2019. "Energy efficiency, renewable energy, economic growth: evidence from emerging market economies," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 53(4), pages 2221-2234, July.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Renewable energy consumption; Economic growth; Causality; South Africa.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy

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