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Fiscal Policy, Business Cycles and Labor-Market Fluctuations

Author

Listed:
  • Florin O. Bilbiie

    (European University Institute)

  • Roland Straub

    (European University Institute, Visiting researcher at the MNB, summer 2003.)

Abstract

In this paper we study the effects and transmission of fiscal policy in a dynamic general equilibrium sticky-price model with non-Ricardian agents, distortionary taxation and a Walrasian labor market. We derive a simple analytical framework for fiscal policy similar to the workhorse 'new synthesis' model widely used in the monetary policy literature. We then explore theoretical conditions under which government spending (whether financed by lump-sum or income taxes) can increase private consumption as observed in the data. We conclude that making the model fare better in this respect necessarily makes it fare worse in what concerns real wage fluctuations. Additionally, we show that the model can generate non-Keynesian effects of fiscal policy when participation to asset markets is limited enough and the monetary policy rule is passive.

Suggested Citation

  • Florin O. Bilbiie & Roland Straub, 2004. "Fiscal Policy, Business Cycles and Labor-Market Fluctuations," MNB Working Papers 2004/6, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary).
  • Handle: RePEc:mnb:wpaper:2004/6
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    File URL: http://www.mnb.hu/letoltes/wp2004-6.pdf
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Jordi Galí & J. David López-Salido & Javier Vallés, 2007. "Understanding the Effects of Government Spending on Consumption," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 5(1), pages 227-270, March.
    2. Florin O. Bilbiie & Andr… Meier & Gernot J. M‹Ller, 2008. "What Accounts for the Changes in U.S. Fiscal Policy Transmission?," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 40(7), pages 1439-1470, October.
    3. Florin Bilbiie & Fabio Ghironi & Marc J. Melitz, 2005. "Business Cycles and Firm Dynamics," 2005 Meeting Papers 842, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    4. Axelle Ferriere & Gaston Navarro, 2013. "The Heterogeneous Effects of Government Spending: It's All About Taxes," Working Papers 13-18, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics.
    5. repec:zbw:cfswop:wp200423 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Bilbiie, Florin O. & Straub, Roland, 2012. "Changes in the output Euler equation and asset markets participation," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 36(11), pages 1659-1672.
    7. IWATA Yasuharu, 2009. "Fiscal Policy in an Estimated DSGE Model of the Japanese Economy: Do Non-Ricardian Households Explain All?," ESRI Discussion paper series 216, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    8. Vitor M. Carvalho & Manuel M. F. Martins, 2011. "Macroeconomic effects of fiscal consolidations in a DSGE model for the Euro Area: does composition matter?," FEP Working Papers 421, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
    9. Takyi, Paul Owusu & Leon-Gonzalez, Roberto, 2020. "Macroeconomic impact of fiscal policy in Ghana: Analysis of an estimated DSGE model with financial exclusion," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 239-260.
    10. repec:zbw:bofrdp:2011_016 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Francesco FURLANETTO, 2007. "Fiscal Shocks and the Consumption Response when Wages are Sticky," Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'économie 07.11, Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, Département d’économie.
    12. Gert Peersman & Roland Straub, 2009. "Technology Shocks And Robust Sign Restrictions In A Euro Area Svar," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 50(3), pages 727-750, August.
    13. Florin O. Bilbiie, 2011. "Nonseparable Preferences, Frisch Labor Supply, and the Consumption Multiplier of Government Spending: One Solution to a Fiscal Policy Puzzle," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 43(1), pages 221-251, February.
    14. Günter Coenen & Roland Straub, 2005. "Does Government Spending Crowd in Private Consumption? Theory and Empirical Evidence for the Euro Area," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 8(3), pages 435-470, December.
    15. Florin O. Bilbiie & Tommaso Monacelli & Roberto Perotti, 2013. "Public Debt and Redistribution with Borrowing Constraints," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 0, pages 64-98, February.
    16. Tenhofen Jörn & Wolff Guntram B. & Heppke-Falk Kirsten H., 2010. "The Macroeconomic Effects of Exogenous Fiscal Policy Shocks in Germany: A Disaggregated SVAR Analysis," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 230(3), pages 328-355, June.
    17. Vitor Carvalho & Manuel M. F. Martins, 2011. "Investment and output effects of fiscal consolidations in a new-Keynesian DSGE model for the Euro Area: composition matters?," EcoMod2011 3246, EcoMod.
    18. Straub, Roland & Tchakarov, Ivan, 2007. "Assessing the impact of a change in the composition of public spending: a DSGE approach," Working Paper Series 795, European Central Bank.
    19. Florin Bilbiie, 2005. "Limited Asset Markets Participation, Monetary Policy and (Inverted) Keynesian Logic," Economics Papers 2005-W09, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
    20. Bilbiie, Florin & Monacelli, Tommas & Perotti, Roberto, 2020. "Stabilization vs. Redistribution: the Optimal Monetary-Fiscal Mix," CEPR Discussion Papers 15199, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    21. Obstbaum, Meri, 2011. "The role of labour markets in fiscal policy transmission," Research Discussion Papers 16/2011, Bank of Finland.
    22. Roland Straub & Günter Coenen, 2005. "Non-Ricardian Households and Fiscal Policy in an Estimated DSGE Model of the Euro Area," Computing in Economics and Finance 2005 102, Society for Computational Economics.
    23. G. Peersman & R. Straub, 2006. "Putting the New Keynesian Model to a Test," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 06/375, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    24. Bilbiie, Florin, 2009. "Non-Separable Preferences and Frisch Labor Supply: One Solution to a Fiscal Policy Puzzle," CEPR Discussion Papers 7484, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    25. Bilbiie, Florin O., 2020. "The New Keynesian cross," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 90-108.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fiscal Policy; Dynamic General Equilibrium; Distortionary Taxation; Sticky Prices; Non-Ricardian Agents; Government Debt; Non-Keynesian Effects.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy; Modern Monetary Theory

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