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Forecasting Hungarian Export Volume


  • Zoltán M. Jakab

    () (Magyar Nemzeti Bank)

  • Mihály András Kovács

    () (Magyar Nemzeti Bank)

  • Szabolcs Lõrincz

    (Magyar Nemzeti Bank (at the time of writing the study))


The paper summarizes the research on forecasting the Hungarian export volume. We elaborated a two-step procedure. In the first step we forecasted foreign demand, then in the second step we forecasted Hungarian export using the best outcome of the first step together with real exchange rate and import series. We used several econometric techniques and tested our results statistically by two criteria. We compared the precision and stability of the different forecasts. The ARIMA forecasts were employed as a benchmark. We found that in terms of both criteria foreign demand forecasts were significantly better than those obtained with ARIMA. However, in the case of the Hungarian export volume our results were only better in terms of the stability properties. Therefore the choice between the different forecasting methods was not obvious, so a ’Consensus’ index was also computed as a weighted average of different forecasts, where the weights were negative functions of imprecision and instability.

Suggested Citation

  • Zoltán M. Jakab & Mihály András Kovács & Szabolcs Lõrincz, 2000. "Forecasting Hungarian Export Volume," MNB Working Papers 2000/4, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary).
  • Handle: RePEc:mnb:wpaper:2000/4

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    Cited by:

    1. Sara Rafiq & Liu Hai Yun & Gulzar Ali, 2016. "Forecasting the Trend Analysis of Trade Balance of Pakistan: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation," International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, vol. 6(7), pages 188-214, July.

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