Modelling Indirect Tax Reform in Australia: Should Tax Rates Be Uniform?
This paper examines the question of whether indirect tax rates should be uniform using four different modelling strategies. First, marginal tax reform is examined. Second, the welfare effects of a partial shift from the current indirect tax system in Australia towards a goods and services tax (GST) are considered, with particular emphasis on differences between household types and the role of exemptions. The third approach examines the extent of horizontal inequity and reranking that can arise when there are non-uniform tax rates. Fourth, in view of the stress on a distributional role for exemptions of certain goods from a GST, the potential limits to such redistribution are considered.
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