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Spatially Unbalanced Growth and Regional Economic Inequalities in Brazil: A Long Run Perspective


  • Humberto MARTINS



The aim of this article is to analyse the evolution of Brazilian regional economic inequalities in the long run, relating to national economic growth. Initially, we discuss the approach used as the theoretical basis for the study, named “spatially unbalanced growth”. We also examine the empirical literature about Brazilian regional disparities. Then we move to the empirical analysis, for which we first observe the evolution of national economic indicators from 1900 and then focus on the subnational level (Brazilian regions and states), using data from 1939 to 2010 (GDP and GDP per capita). The data is analysed both in quantitative and qualitative perspectives, relating the trajectory of the indicators at subnational level to the evolution of national economic growth and to the phases of Brazilian economy dynamics.

Suggested Citation

  • Humberto MARTINS, 2019. "Spatially Unbalanced Growth and Regional Economic Inequalities in Brazil: A Long Run Perspective," Departmental Working Papers 2019-02, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at Università degli Studi di Milano.
  • Handle: RePEc:mil:wpdepa:2019-02

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    Spatially unbalanced growth; Regional inequalities; Brazil;

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)


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