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ChinaÕs Nonmarket Economy Treatment and U.S. Trade Remedy Actions


  • Jieun Lee

    (University of Michigan)


The price comparability provision of ChinaÕs accession protocol recognizes that WTO members may face special difficulty in determining subsidies and dumping from China, due to its governmentÕs pervasive intervention in the economy. The provision permits importing members to disregard domestic prices or costs in China and to use alternative benchmarks in determining the normal value of Chinese exports. Consequently, this so-called nonmarket economy methodology tends to inflate antidumping and countervailing duty rates. Certain paragraphs of the provision determining dumping expire on 11 December 2016, and yet the heated debate on ChinaÕs economic status post-December 2016 remains ongoing. This paper studies the history of U.S. trade remedy actions against nonmarket economies and traces recent developments and findings at the WTO dispute settlement body. Congressional history shows that antidumping regulations in the U.S. have been constantly amended to catch up with agency practices that discriminate against nonmarket economies. Meanwhile, the Department of Commerce recently started to apply countervailing duties on Chinese imports and has finally codified such practices into law. The paper offers many reasons to believe that the U.S. is equipped with various trade remedy measures to continue Ôspecial treatmentÕ against China, even if the country graduates from a nonmarket economy status.

Suggested Citation

  • Jieun Lee, 2016. "ChinaÕs Nonmarket Economy Treatment and U.S. Trade Remedy Actions," Working Papers 657, Research Seminar in International Economics, University of Michigan.
  • Handle: RePEc:mie:wpaper:657

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    non-market economy status; anti-dumping;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations

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