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The Italian Post-World War II Experience in Human Relations and Corporate Welfare


  • Valerio, Varini


The relevance of interventions in welfare and social security systems in the twentieth century has become the subject of extensive historical research. In particular from a prevalent focus on State intervention to a more in-depth historiographic reconsideration of the work performed by private institutions, including an important role played by industry. The focus of this paper is precisely the Corporate Welfare in the context of action after IIWW, by addressing the transformation in practices in terms of welfare and social security for workers, the essence of which is capable of revealing the participatory and communal nature of companies. In specific, I concentrate my attention on the relevance of the Human Relations in Italy and their effects on the Corporate Welfare. The paper examines some cases of HR as OM, Pirelli, Falck and Unilever. Finally there is a specific attention on the job training of the "leader" and the "social worker of the factory".

Suggested Citation

  • Valerio, Varini, 2016. "The Italian Post-World War II Experience in Human Relations and Corporate Welfare," Working Papers 329, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised 08 Feb 2016.
  • Handle: RePEc:mib:wpaper:329

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sluyterman, Keetie, 2012. "Corporate Social Responsibility of Dutch Entrepreneurs in the Twentieth Century," Enterprise & Society, Cambridge University Press, vol. 13(02), pages 313-349, June.
    2. Hubert Bonin & Paul Thomas, 2013. "Old Paternalism, New Paternalism, Post-Paternalism (19th-21st Centuries)," Post-Print hal-01136373, HAL.
    3. Fones-Wolf, Elizabeth & Fones-Wolf, Ken, 2012. "Religion, Human Relations, and Union Avoidance in the 1950s: The Electrical Industry's Southern Strategy and Its Limits," Enterprise & Society, Cambridge University Press, vol. 13(01), pages 154-185, March.
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    More about this item


    Human relations; welfare capitalism; firm.;

    JEL classification:

    • N34 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Europe: 1913-
    • N94 - Economic History - - Regional and Urban History - - - Europe: 1913-
    • L31 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Nonprofit Institutions; NGOs; Social Entrepreneurship
    • L33 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Comparison of Public and Private Enterprise and Nonprofit Institutions; Privatization; Contracting Out

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