IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Financing Large Cities and Metropolitan Areas


  • Enid Slack

    (Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance, University of Toronto)


Large cities and metropolitan areas differ from smaller urban or rural municipalities—they have much larger populations, higher concentrations of population, and populations that are more heterogeneous in terms of social and economic circumstances. Large cities are important generators of employment, wealth, and productivity growth, and serve as regional hubs for people from adjacent communities who come to work, shop, and use public services that are not available in their own communities. These characteristics have implications for the magnitude and complexity of the expenditures on municipal services that local governments in metropolitan areas are required to make, as well as their ability to pay for services. This paper explores the financing of services and infrastructure in large cities and metropolitan areas. Do large cities spend more than smaller cities? Do larger cities have greater fiscal capacity? Are large cities treated differently from other cities? What are the appropriate revenue sources for large cities?

Suggested Citation

  • Enid Slack, 2011. "Financing Large Cities and Metropolitan Areas," IMFG Papers 03, University of Toronto, Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance.
  • Handle: RePEc:mfg:wpaper:03

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: First version, 2011
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    local finance; international comparisons; metropolitan areas;

    JEL classification:

    • H70 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - General
    • H71 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • H77 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Intergovernmental Relations; Federalism


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:mfg:wpaper:03. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Enid Slack). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.