The Liquidity Trap and Japan
Monetary policy may be effective in stabilising income via the real balance effect and the exchange rate channel. Even though interest rates of government bonds are subject to a zero lower bound, fiscal and monetary policy may be employed to change Tobin's q in a multi-asset model and thereby stimulate investment. Foreign exchange intervention, whether sterilised or non-sterilised, may have a positive impact on economic activity. Instead of emphasising inflation targeting, non-monetary policies should be adopted to stimulate aggregate demand to extricate Japan from the liquidity trap. Deflation is the consequence not the cause of the current recession.
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