IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/lvl/pmmacr/2010-02.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Pauvreté et vulnérabilité au Burkina Faso: Indicateur composite de Noyau dur de la pauvreté

Author

Listed:
  • Alaya Ouarme
  • Idrissa Ouili
  • Awa Maty Basse

Abstract

Les programmes de réduction des inégalités entre les pays et entre individus ont suscité le réveil des consciences sur la problématique de la pauvreté et favorisé la mise en œuvre de techniques de mesure et d’analyse. Au Burkina Faso, les stratégies de réduction de la pauvreté restent essentiellement déterminées par des études sur son aspect monétaire. L’analyse empirique basée sur une approche factorielle indique que les incidences de pauvreté sont élevées, notamment pour la pauvreté multidimensionnelle de besoins de base et la pauvreté subjective. Une approche cumulative sur l’ensemble des noyaux de pauvreté montre aussi que 37,7% des ménages manifestent les trois formes de pauvreté selon la méthode simpliste d’intersection et seulement 12,3% selon l’approche factorielle, identifiant ainsi le noyau dur de la pauvreté. Le gouvernement devrait promouvoir une politique ciblée sur chaque dimension de pauvreté en mettant l’accent sur le développement rural par l’accès aux services sociaux de base.

Suggested Citation

  • Alaya Ouarme & Idrissa Ouili & Awa Maty Basse, 2010. "Pauvreté et vulnérabilité au Burkina Faso: Indicateur composite de Noyau dur de la pauvreté," Working Papers PMMA 2010-02, PEP-PMMA.
  • Handle: RePEc:lvl:pmmacr:2010-02
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://portal.pep-net.org/documents/download/id/17389
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: https://portal.pep-net.org/documents/download/id/15114
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Whitney K. Newey & James L. Powell & Francis Vella, 1999. "Nonparametric Estimation of Triangular Simultaneous Equations Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, pages 565-604.
    2. Hanan G. Jacoby & Guo Li & Scott Rozelle, 2002. "Hazards of Expropriation: Tenure Insecurity and Investment in Rural China," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, pages 1420-1447.
    3. Angrist, Joshua D. & Krueger, Alan B., 1999. "Empirical strategies in labor economics," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 23, pages 1277-1366 Elsevier.
    4. Rozelle, Scott & Li, Guo, 1998. "Village Leaders and Land-Rights Formation in China," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, pages 433-438.
    5. Mullan, Katrina & Grosjean, Pauline & Kontoleon, Andreas, 2011. "Land Tenure Arrangements and Rural-Urban Migration in China," World Development, Elsevier, pages 123-133.
    6. Lin, Justin Yifu, 1992. "Rural Reforms and Agricultural Growth in China," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, pages 34-51.
    7. Carter, Michael R. & Yang Yao, 1999. "Specialization without regret - transfer rights, agricultural productivity, and investment in an industrializing economy," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2202, The World Bank.
    8. Haggblade, Steven & Hazell, Peter & Reardon, Thomas, 2010. "The Rural Non-farm Economy: Prospects for Growth and Poverty Reduction," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 38(10), pages 1429-1441, October.
    9. Yaohui Zhao, 1999. "Leaving the Countryside: Rural-to-Urban Migration Decisions in China," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, pages 281-286.
    10. Li, Guo & Rozelle, Scott & Brandt, Loren, 1998. "Tenure, land rights, and farmer investment incentives in China," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, pages 63-71.
    11. Kung, James Kai-sing, 2002. "Off-Farm Labor Markets and the Emergence of Land Rental Markets in Rural China," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, pages 395-414.
    12. Markus Goldstein & Christopher Udry, 2008. "The Profits of Power: Land Rights and Agricultural Investment in Ghana," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 116(6), pages 981-1022, December.
    13. Maëlys De La Rupelle & Deng Quheng & Li Shi & Thomas Vendryes, 2009. "Land rights insecurity and temporary migration in rural China," PSE Working Papers halshs-00575041, HAL.
    14. Ran Tao & Zhigang Xu, 2007. "Urbanization, rural land system and social security for migrants in China," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(7), pages 1301-1320.
    15. Dong, Xiao-Yuan, 1996. "Two-tier land tenure system and sustained economic growth in post-1978 rural China," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 24(5), pages 915-928, May.
    16. Besley, Timothy, 1995. "Property Rights and Investment Incentives: Theory and Evidence from Ghana," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 103(5), pages 903-937, October.
    17. Wang, Xiaobing & Huang, Jikun & Zhang, Linxiu & Rozelle, Scott, 2011. "The rise of migration and the fall of self employment in rural China's labor market," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 573-584.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Pauvreté; vulnérabilité; politiques économiques et sociales; analyse multidimensionnelle; noyau dur; seuil; modèle logistique; Burkina Faso;

    JEL classification:

    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:lvl:pmmacr:2010-02. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Manuel Paradis). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/cdvlvca.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.