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Pauvreté multidimensionnelle et politiques sociales au Bénin

  • Cosme Vodounou
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    Les relations entre les variables sociodémographiques et la pauvreté ont été étudiées à partir des données issues du recensement général de la population et de l'habitation de 2002 avec un modèle de régression fondé sur les caractéristiques d'habitation et les conditions de vie des ménages ordinaires. L'analyse des résultats a mis en évidence l'effet différentiel des variables socio-démograhiques et communautaires selon la strate géographique et suggère des politiques sociales différentiées selon le département ou la commune. Les simulations de politiques montrent qu'une réduction de 50% de la proportion de la population n'ayant pas accès à l'eau potable au niveau national (hypothèse OMD) se traduit par une réduction de l'incidence de la pauvreté de 21,5% dans les arrondissements ciblés, et de 27% dans les arrondissements non ciblés. En ce qui concerne le capital humain, la politique d'éducation ne permettra pas l'atteinte de l'OMD sur l'universalité de l'enseignement dans le primaire en 2015.

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    Paper provided by PEP-PMMA in its series Working Papers PMMA with number 2009-03.

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    Date of creation: 2009
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    Handle: RePEc:lvl:pmmacr:2009-03
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