Globalization and the Open Economy
Does offshore sourcing by domestic producers destroy jobs? Does it lower wages? To a growing number of observers the answer to both questions appears to be affirmative. This paper examines the issue in the context of a conventional trade framework that has been amended to allow production to be disaggregated into its constituent activities. Offshore sourcing generally increases employment in an industry by creating more jobs in the remaining activities than are lost to sub-contracting. Offshore sourcing by labor-intensive importables industries raises both employment and wages. In general, offshore sourcing enables producers to strengthen their competitive positions against foreign rivals in the markets for end-products. When offshore sourcing involves simultaneous intra-product specialization in a labor-scarce importing country (like the United States) and a labor-abundant exporting country (like Mexico), employment and wages rise in both.
|Date of creation:||1997|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Published in North American Journal of Economics and Finance, v.8 no.1 1997, pages 71-79.|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: |
Web page: http://lowe.claremontmckenna.edu/
More information through EDIRC
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:loi:wpaper:9701. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Alex Huemer)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.