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Using a Choice Experiment to Estimate the Demand of Hungarian Farmers for Food Security and Agrobiodiversity During Economic Transition

Author

Listed:
  • Ekin Birol

    () (Homerton College, University of Cambridge, UK)

  • Andreas Kontoleon

    (Department of Land Economy, University of Cambridge, UK)

  • Melinda Smale

    (International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington DC, USA and International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, Italy)

Abstract

Hungarian home gardens are small farms that are repositories of agrobiodiversity and provide food security during economic transition. We use a choice experiment to test the hypothesis that farmer demand for home gardens will decrease as markets develop with European Union accession. Data represent 22 communities with varying levels of market and social infrastructure. We find that farmers located in more economically developed communities choose to be less dependent on small farms for food and prefer lower levels of agrobiodiversity. Findings indicate that the survival of small farms is jeopardized by economic change, but point to some conservation policy options.

Suggested Citation

  • Ekin Birol & Andreas Kontoleon & Melinda Smale, 2005. "Using a Choice Experiment to Estimate the Demand of Hungarian Farmers for Food Security and Agrobiodiversity During Economic Transition," Environmental Economy and Policy Research Working Papers 12.2005, University of Cambridge, Department of Land Economics, revised 2005.
  • Handle: RePEc:lnd:wpaper:200512
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    File URL: http://www.landecon.cam.ac.uk/RePEc/pdf/200512.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jay T. Akridge & Thomas W. Hertel, 1986. "Multiproduct Cost Relationships for Retail Fertilizer Plants," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 68(4), pages 928-938.
    2. Antonio Alvarez & Carlos Arias, 2003. "Diseconomies of Size with Fixed Managerial Ability," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 85(1), pages 134-142.
    3. Mundlak, Yair, 1978. "On the Pooling of Time Series and Cross Section Data," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(1), pages 69-85, January.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    food security; agrobiodiversity; home gardens; choice experiment; multi-functional agriculture;

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