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Private forest owners’ participation behavior related to an incentive conservation program: a case study of Natura 2000 contracts in France


  • Philippe Delacote

    () (Laboratoire d'Economie Forestière, INRA - AgroParisTech
    Climate Economic Chair)

  • Serge Garcia

    (Laboratoire d'Economie Forestière, INRA - AgroParisTech)

  • Anne Stenger

    (Laboratoire d'Economie Forestière, INRA - AgroParisTech)

  • Gengyang Tu

    (Laboratoire d'Economie Forestière, INRA - AgroParisTech)


Natura 2000 is a European Union network of protected areas. In France, all forest owners whose forests are located in a Natura 2000 site are eligible to enroll in a biodiversity conservation program by signing a Natura 2000 contract. In this case, the forest owner benefit from financial support that covers all additional costs for conservation and restoration measures and is also exempt from certain taxes such as land tax. Natura 2000 contracts were created as incentive-based conservation tools to enhance landholders’ participation to improve some identified ecological outcomes. Since landowners are very heterogeneous in terms of their preferences and values, it is crucial to understand the determinants of participation for those who signed the proposed contracts. Our study has several objectives: first, to ascertain whether the conservation program is attractive for the private forest owners who want to conserve the biodiversity of their land; second, to investigate which types of forest owners are the most likely to participate; and third, to determine the type of region the most conducive to implementing Natura 2000 programs.

Suggested Citation

  • Philippe Delacote & Serge Garcia & Anne Stenger & Gengyang Tu, 2014. "Private forest owners’ participation behavior related to an incentive conservation program: a case study of Natura 2000 contracts in France," Working Papers - Cahiers du LEF 2014-02, Laboratoire d'Economie Forestiere, AgroParisTech-INRA, revised Jan 2014.
  • Handle: RePEc:lef:wpaper:2014-02

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    Cited by:

    1. Philippe Polomé & Claude Michel, 2017. "Why are Private Forest Owners not Adopting Natura 2000 ? A Survey of Motivations," Working Papers 1721, Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique Lyon St-Étienne (GATE Lyon St-Étienne), Université de Lyon.
    2. Philippe Polomé, 2016. "Forest Owners Motivations for Adopting Programs of Biodiversity Protection," Working Papers halshs-01323475, HAL.

    More about this item


    Forest; Natura 2000; incentive contracts; participation.;

    JEL classification:

    • D2 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations
    • D8 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation

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