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Institutionality around the carbon markets and the mechanisms established by the Kyoto Protocol


  • David Tobón Orozco


  • Jorge Hernán Flórez Acosta


  • Piedad Patricia Restrepo



This article presents an approach to the institutions and regulations derived from the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol. It is analyzed the performance of emission reductions markets during its three years of operations, mainly the instability of prices in European markets and their relationships with CER’s, which are issued because of the projects from de Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) from developing countries. The article also establishes the achievements and limitations of CDM as well as the perspectives of these markets and its opportunities

Suggested Citation

  • David Tobón Orozco & Jorge Hernán Flórez Acosta & Piedad Patricia Restrepo, 2008. "Institutionality around the carbon markets and the mechanisms established by the Kyoto Protocol," Grupo Microeconomía Aplicada 040, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía.
  • Handle: RePEc:lde:grupom:040

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    5. Härdle, Wolfgang & Huet, Sylvie & Mammen, Enno & Sperlich, Stefan, 1998. "Semiparametric additive indices for binary response and generalized additive models," SFB 373 Discussion Papers 1998,95, Humboldt University of Berlin, Interdisciplinary Research Project 373: Quantification and Simulation of Economic Processes.
    6. Richard Blundell & Alan Duncan & Krishna Pendakur, 1998. "Semiparametric estimation and consumer demand," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 13(5), pages 435-461.
    7. James Banks & Richard Blundell & Arthur Lewbel, 1997. "Quadratic Engel Curves And Consumer Demand," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 79(4), pages 527-539, November.
    8. Panayiota Lyssiotou & Panos Pashardes & Thanasis Stengos, 2002. "Age effects on consumer demand: an additive partially linear regression model," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 35(1), pages 153-165, February.
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