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Institutions, organizations and social capital: explanatory factors of growth or backwardness of nations


  • Piedad Patricia Restrepo



The goal of the article is to highlight the importance of institutions, organizations and social capital within the growth process, either as efficiency or inefficiency promoters. This is particularly valid for underdeveloped countries which are characterized by an inefficient institutional structure, low confidence levels and a lot of delinquent organizations which as a whole give rise to negative phenomena for a long run growth such as corruption, clientelismo, and rent-seeking. The main point of the analysis lies on social capital since it is the least explored element both theoretically and empirically. In the last part of the article some institutional reforms are proposed as the best way to increase the stock of social capital.

Suggested Citation

  • Piedad Patricia Restrepo, 1999. "Institutions, organizations and social capital: explanatory factors of growth or backwardness of nations," Grupo Microeconomía Aplicada 011, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía.
  • Handle: RePEc:lde:grupom:011

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Eskeland, Gunnar S. & Jimenez, Emmanuel, 1994. "Instrumentos de politica para el control de la contaminacion en los paises en desarrollo," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 40, pages 215-253, Enero Jun.
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    More about this item


    Social capital; institutions; organizations; rent-seeking; corruption; political market; underdeveloped countries.;

    JEL classification:

    • D70 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - General
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification


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