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Contrainte de crédit et convergence vers la frontière technologique: Qu'en est-il des pays de la Zone CFA ?

Author

Listed:
  • Abdou-Aziz Niang

    () (LEG/AMIE - CNRS UMR 5118 - Université de Bourgogne)

  • Bertrand Djembissi

    () (CEFAB, CNAM PARIS)

Abstract

Cet article a pour objectif d'étudier les effets de l'imperfection du marché du crédit sur la convergence des pays de la zone CFA vers la frontière de croissance mondiale. Afin de mettre l'accent sur le fait qu'un marché du crédit moins performant constitue une contrainte qui empêche ces pays de profiter pleinement du transfert de technologie et les pousse à s'écarter de la frontière de croissance, nous avons utilisé un modèle de croissance Schumpetérien avec transfert de technologie tel que développé par Aghion et al (2005). L'analyse empirique basée sur l'approche « System GMM » en panel dynamique révèle que les pays de la Zone CFA ayant un niveau de crédit privé inferieur à 8% du PIB divergent de la frontière de croissance représentée par la France. Par ailleurs, lorsque l'on considère les Etats-Unis comme le pays définissant la frontière de croissance, on constate qu'un bas niveau de développement financier peut ralentir considérablement la vitesse de convergence, mais n'empêche cependant pas ces pays de converger.

Suggested Citation

  • Abdou-Aziz Niang & Bertrand Djembissi, 2010. "Contrainte de crédit et convergence vers la frontière technologique: Qu'en est-il des pays de la Zone CFA ?," LEG - Document de travail - Economie 2010-04, LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne.
  • Handle: RePEc:lat:legeco:e2010-04
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F20 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - General
    • F30 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - General
    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance
    • F5 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity

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