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Croissance, capital humain et interactions spatiales : une étude économétrique

Author

Listed:
  • ERTUR, Cem

    () (LEG - CNRS UMR 5118 - Université de Bourgogne)

  • THIAW, Kalidou

    (LEG - CNRS UMR 5118 - Université de Bourgogne)

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to analyze the theoretical and econometric implications of omitting spatial dependence in the Mankiw, Romer, and Weil (1992) model. Indeed, the international distribution of income levels and growth rates suggests the existence of large international disparities, and therefore the important role of location on economic performance. However, taking spatial dependence into account requires resorting to the methods of Spatial Econometrics, not only for a valid statistical inference, but also for revaluating the impact of the variables generally considered as crucial in the growth phenomenon and finding the processes underlying growth rates and income levels. / L'objectif de cet article est d'analyser les implications économétriques et théoriques de l'omission de la dépendance spatiale dans le cadre de l'estimation du modèle de Mankiw, Romer et Weil (1992). En effet, la distribution internationale des taux de croissance et des niveaux de revenu suggère l'existence de bassins de croissance et de récession, et donc un rôle important de la localisation dans les performances économiques. Cependant, la prise en compte de l'autocorrélation spatiale dans l'estimation nécessite de recourir aux méthodes de l'économétrie spatiale afin, non seulement d'obtenir une inférence statistique valide, mais également d'élucider les processus qui sous-tendent la détermination des rythmes de croissance et des niveaux de revenu.

Suggested Citation

  • ERTUR, Cem & THIAW, Kalidou, 2005. "Croissance, capital humain et interactions spatiales : une étude économétrique," LEG - Document de travail - Economie 2005-04, LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne.
  • Handle: RePEc:lat:legeco:2005-04
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    Keywords

    Economic growth ; Human capital ; convergence ; spatial econometrics ; Croissance économique ; capital humain ; convergence ; économétrie spatiale;

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity

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