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Taxation, Pollution, Unemployment and Growth: Could there be a "Triple Dividend" from a Green Tax Reform?

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  • Peter Birch Soerensen
  • Lars Haagen Pedersen
  • Soeren Bo Nielsen

Abstract

The paper develops a model of endogenous economic growth, where sustainable growth is driven by private capital accumulation and productive government spending on education and pollution abatement. The economy is distorted by pollution externalities in production and consumption; by taxes and transfers, and by union monopoly power creating involuntary unemployment. Within this framework we analyse the effects of various "green" tax policies on pollution, unemployment, growth, and consumer welfare. Among other things, we highlight the differences between pollution taxes which are levied for general revenue purposes and pollution taxes which are "earmarked" for financing expenditures on pullution abatement. We also find that such a regime shift has the potential to raise employment, growth and welfare without damaging the environment, because emission charges improve the efficiency of the tax system by serving as an indirect method of taxing away pure profits.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Birch Soerensen & Lars Haagen Pedersen & Soeren Bo Nielsen, "undated". "Taxation, Pollution, Unemployment and Growth: Could there be a "Triple Dividend" from a Green Tax Reform?," EPRU Working Paper Series 94-10, Economic Policy Research Unit (EPRU), University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:kud:epruwp:94-10
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    Cited by:

    1. Sjak Smulders, 1995. "Entropy, environment, and endogenous economic growth," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 2(2), pages 319-340, August.

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