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Kompleksite ve Urun Uzayi Metodolojisiyle Turkiye

Author

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  • Muhammed A. Yildirim

    () (Koc University)

Abstract

Bazi ulkelerin neden zengin, bazilarinin da neden yoksul oldugu ve aradaki farki kapatma adina neler yapilabilecegi ekonomi biliminin temel sorularindandir. Bu soruyu cevaplamaya calisirken ekonomik modeller yaninda diger disiplinlerde gelistirilen teknikleri kullanmak da faydali olabilir. Ozellikle, bir ulkenin ekonomisinin yapi taslarinin bircok farkli endustriyel sektorlerden olustugunu dusundugumuzde fizik ve bilgisayar alanlarinda gelistirilen veri analiz teknikleri yeni ve taze bir bakis acisi sunabilir. Bu baglamda, ekonomik kalkinma ve buyumeyi anlamak icin Harvard Universitesi ve Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) bunyesindeki bir grup arastirmaci ile birlikte fizik ve bilgisayar disiplinlerinden ilham alarak ekonomik kompleksite adini verdigimiz bir teknik gelistirdik. Kompleksite metodolojisi ulkelerin uretimlerini detayli sektor bazinda degerlendirip ulkelerin buyume ve Urun Uzayi uzerinden yeni endustrilere acilma potansiyellerini olcme imkani veriyor. Bu metodolojiyi Turkiye icin uyguladigimizda Turkiye’nin uzun yillardir sofistike urunlere yakin oldugunu ama bir sonraki adimi atip bu urunleri goreceli ustunluk kuracak sekilde uretmeye baslamadigini goruyoruz. Ozellikle makine, elektrikli makine ve kimya sektorlerinin Turkiye’nin nispeten daha kolay gecebilecegi sektorler oldugu ortaya cikiyor.

Suggested Citation

  • Muhammed A. Yildirim, 2018. "Kompleksite ve Urun Uzayi Metodolojisiyle Turkiye," Koç University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers 1806, Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum.
  • Handle: RePEc:koc:wpaper:1806
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    File URL: http://eaf.ku.edu.tr/sites/eaf.ku.edu.tr/files/erf_wp_1806.pdf
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic Complexity; Turkey; Product Space; Industrial Policy; International Trade.;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F11 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Neoclassical Models of Trade
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • O50 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - General

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