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Survival and Distinct Exit Routes of New Firms


  • Masatoshi Kato

    () (School of Economics, Kwansei Gakuin University)

  • Yuji Honjo

    () (Faculty of Commerce, Chuo University)


This paper explores how the determinants of new-firm duration vary according to exit route: bankruptcy, voluntary liquidation, or merger. Using a sample of new firms in Japan, we provide evidence that the effects of entrepreneur-, firm-, and industry-specific characteristics on new-firm duration are significantly different across exit routes. In particular, the determinants of bankruptcy are fairly different from those of merger. While firms with highly educated entrepreneurs are less likely to go bankrupt, such firms tend to dissolve their businesses voluntarily or be merged by other firms. Our findings suggest that while industry-specific characteristics, such as industry growth and R&D intensity, play a significant role in determining bankruptcy, they do not affect exit through merger.

Suggested Citation

  • Masatoshi Kato & Yuji Honjo, 2013. "Survival and Distinct Exit Routes of New Firms," Discussion Paper Series 101, School of Economics, Kwansei Gakuin University, revised Mar 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:kgu:wpaper:101

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Irina Suleymanova & Christian Wey, 2012. "On the role of consumer expectations in markets with network effects," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 105(2), pages 101-127, March.
    2. Economides, Nicholas, 1996. "Network externalities, complementarities, and invitations to enter," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 211-233, September.
    3. Katz, Michael L & Shapiro, Carl, 1985. "Network Externalities, Competition, and Compatibility," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(3), pages 424-440, June.
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    More about this item


    New firm; Survival; Exit; Bankruptcy; Voluntary liquidation; Merger;

    JEL classification:

    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • O25 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Industrial Policy


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