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Smooth Strategic Market Game Mechanisms with Coordinating Market Prices


  • Alex Dickson

    () (Keele University, Department of Economics)


This paper analyses strategic trade within pure exchange economies. In the tradition of the ‘Shapley-Shubik’ case, the signals agents send to the markets are aggregated into market prices, proceeding which net trades are determined via a distribution mechanism dependent on both individual activity and prices. The pricing and distribution mechanisms we use are abstractly given smooth mappings, which, combined with various axioms, propagate several desirable properties consistent with elementary economic intuition. ‘Active interior’ Nash equilibria in the defined normal form game are characterised in terms of first order conditions, using which we demonstrate that in finite economies, equilibria resulting from trade within the market game are never Walrasian, and, furthermore, they are Pareto inefficient. The convergence of a sequence of active interior Nash equilibria to a Walrasian equilibrium of the underlying competitive economy is also investigated.

Suggested Citation

  • Alex Dickson, 2003. "Smooth Strategic Market Game Mechanisms with Coordinating Market Prices," Keele Economics Research Papers KERP 2003/03, Centre for Economic Research, Keele University.
  • Handle: RePEc:kee:kerpuk:2003/03

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Deaton, Angus, 1991. "Saving and Liquidity Constraints," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(5), pages 1221-1248, September.
    2. Mason, Robin & Wright, Stephen, 2001. "The effects of uncertainty on optimal consumption," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 25(1-2), pages 185-212, January.
    3. Stephen P. Zeldes, 1989. "Optimal Consumption with Stochastic Income: Deviations from Certainty Equivalence," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 104(2), pages 275-298.
    4. Kelly, Clare & Gauthier Lanot, 2002. "Consumption Patterns Over Pay Periods," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 656, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
    5. Carroll, Christopher D & Kimball, Miles S, 1996. "On the Concavity of the Consumption Function," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 64(4), pages 981-992, July.
    6. Christopher D. Carroll, 2001. "A Theory of the Consumption Function, with and without Liquidity Constraints," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 15(3), pages 23-45, Summer.
    7. Deaton, Angus & Laroque, Guy, 1996. "Competitive Storage and Commodity Price Dynamics," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 104(5), pages 896-923, October.
    8. Chambers, Marcus J & Bailey, Roy E, 1996. "A Theory of Commodity Price Fluctuations," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 104(5), pages 924-957, October.
    9. Christopher D. Carroll & Miles S. Kimball, 2001. "Liquidity Constraints and Precautionary Saving," NBER Working Papers 8496, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Rabault, Guillaume, 2002. "When do borrowing constraints bind? Some new results on the income fluctuation problem," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 217-245, February.
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    More about this item


    Strategic market games; non-cooperative trade; imperfect competition;

    JEL classification:

    • C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games
    • D43 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection
    • D50 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - General
    • D51 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Exchange and Production Economies


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