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Changes in the foreign trade structure of the Russian Far East under the process of transition toward a market economy

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  • Hiraizumi, Hideki

Abstract

Under the process of transition toward a market economy, the economic connections of the Russian Far East (RFE) with external regions changed from a division of labor among the regions of the USSR (Russia) to an international division of labor. This happened due to factors including the liberalization of the trade system away from a state monopoly, the presence of rich natural resources and of developed industries related to these resources, the advantage of geographically proximity to Asia-Pacific countries, and the political and economic division of the once unified national economic space during the process of transition.The economic connections of RFE with external economies changed radically under the transition toward the market economy. First, the value of foreign trade increased dramatically and the importance of foreign trade for the RFE economy increased enormously. Second, however, different territories of RFE traveled along different trajectories, due to factors involving their industrial structure and geographical conditions. Third, in recent years connections with China, in the areas of both exports and imports, have grown. Fourth, the share within exports of "fuel, mineral resources and metal" increased radically from the end of the 1990s, and the share of "machine, facilities and transportation means" increased from 2002 year within imports. Under this situation, especially since 2002, there has been a major change in the structure of foreign trade.

Suggested Citation

  • Hiraizumi, Hideki, 2007. "Changes in the foreign trade structure of the Russian Far East under the process of transition toward a market economy," IDE Discussion Papers 94, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
  • Handle: RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper94
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    File URL: https://ir.ide.go.jp/?action=repository_action_common_download&item_id=38073&item_no=1&attribute_id=22&file_no=1
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Centrally planned economy (CPE); Process of transition towards the market economy; The economic connections of RFE with external economies; The role of foreign trade; International trade; Transition to market economy; Local economy; Russia; 中央計画経済; 貿易; 市場経済化; 地域経済; ロシア連邦;

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade

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