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Cyber-networks, physical coalitions and missing links : imagining and realizing dissent in Malaysia 1998-2008


  • Khoo, Boo Teik


From September 1998 to March 2008, dissident cyber-networks in Malaysia developed connections with physical coalitions that contributed to the Opposition’s historic gains in the 12th General Election of March 2008. To succeed in entrenching a ‘two-coalition system’, however, the component parties of the Opposition coalition (Pakatan Rakyat) must establish its ‘missing links’, namely, extensive and deep organizational networks in society that would permit the coalition to move from imagining and realizing dissent to institutionalizing it meaningfully.

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  • Khoo, Boo Teik, 2010. "Cyber-networks, physical coalitions and missing links : imagining and realizing dissent in Malaysia 1998-2008," IDE Discussion Papers 244, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
  • Handle: RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper244

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    Malaysia; Internal politics; Elections; Network; Internet; Malaysian politics; 2008 General Election; Opposition coalitions; Malaysiakini; Malaysia Today; Raja Petra Kamaruddin; Anwar Ibrahim; Cyber-networks;

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