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The Sandinista Revolution and Post-Conflict Development--Key Issues

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  • Kagami, Mitsuhiro

Abstract

Following Daniel Ortega's victory in the presidential election held in November 2006, Nicaragua has been undergoing a transition from a democratic to authoritarian system. In the 1980s, Ortega served as President of the Sandinista government and implemented a Cuban-type socialist system, but the system failed and democracy was established during 1990-2007. Considering this failure, why did Ortega succeed in taking power again? This paper provides a brief history of modern Nicaragua and gives some insights into the twists of Latin American politics. The paper was prepared for the international seminar on Helping Failed States Recover: The Role of Business in Promoting Stability and Development, organized by the University of Kansas Center for International Business Education and Research (CIBER), held on April 4-6, 2007 in Lawrence. The opinions and views expressed herein are those of the author. All mistakes and/or errors are entirely the author's responsibility.

Suggested Citation

  • Kagami, Mitsuhiro, 2007. "The Sandinista Revolution and Post-Conflict Development--Key Issues," IDE Discussion Papers 119, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
  • Handle: RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper119
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Zeller, Manfred & Diagne, Aliou & Mataya, Charles, 1997. "Market access by smallholder farmers in Malawi," FCND discussion papers 35, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    3. Kydd, Jonathan & Christiansen, Robert, 1982. "Structural change in Malawi since independence: Consequences of a development strategy based on large-scale agriculture," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 10(5), pages 355-375, May.
    4. World Bank, 2006. "World Development Indicators 2006," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 8151.
    5. Hazarika, Gautam & Alwang, Jeffrey, 2003. "Access to credit, plot size and cost inefficiency among smallholder tobacco cultivators in Malawi," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 29(1), pages 99-109, July.
    6. Barrett, Christopher B. & Bezuneh, Mesfin & Clay, Daniel C. & Reardon, Thomas, 2001. "Heterogeneous Contraints, Incentives, and Income Diversification Strategies in Rural Africa," Working Papers 179567, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Daniel Ortega; Violeta Chamorro; Enrique Bolanos; Hugo Chavez; Sandinista; Contra; Post-conflict recovery; Neo-liberal; Caudillo; Extreme poverty; Illiteracy rate; Nicaragua; Internal politics; Political parties; Democracy; Economic conditions; ダニエル・オルテガ; ビオレタ・チャモロ; エンリケ・ボラーニョス; ウゴ・チャベス; サンディニスタ; コントラ; 貧困; 非識字率; ニカラグア; 国内政治; 政党; 民主主義; 経済事情;

    JEL classification:

    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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