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Nachhaltiges Wachstum durch Entkopplung vom Umweltverbrauch?


  • Markus Pasche

    () (University of Jena, Faculty of Economics)


Es wird gezeigt, daß unter plausiblen Annahmen im Rahmen der bekannten technologischen Möglichkeiten (``technologisches Regime'') keine dauerhafte Entkopplung des Wachstums vom Umweltverbrauch, d.h. kein nachhaltiges Wachstum möglich ist. Das zentrale Argument ist, daß im Zuge des Wachstumsprozesses ein immer größer werdender Anteil des Einkommens für umwelttechnischen Fortschritt, also für die Kompensation der ökologischen Folgen eben dieses Wachstums aufgewendet werden muß. Aber einer bestimmten Leerlaufgrenze wird dann bei konstanter Umweltbelastung das Versorgungs- bzw. Nutzenniveau nicht trotz, sondern wegen des Wachstums abnehmen. Auch umweltentlastender Strukturwandel kann nur zu temporärer Entkopplung führen. Lediglich im Zuge eines anhaltenden evolutorischen Wandels mit neuartigen Gütern und Produktionsverfahren können unter bestimmten Bedingungen die aufgezeigten Wachstumsgrenzen immer wieder nach außen verschoben werden. Gegenstand des Beitrags ist nicht eine Erklärung, wie es zu umweltsparendem Fortschritt und Strukturwandel kommt, sondern lediglich die technischen und ökonomischen Restriktionen eines solchen Prozesses.

Suggested Citation

  • Markus Pasche, 1999. "Nachhaltiges Wachstum durch Entkopplung vom Umweltverbrauch?," Working Paper Series B 1999-09, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultïät.
  • Handle: RePEc:jen:jenavo:1999-09 Note: A revised english version of the paper is published in Ecological Economics 42 (2002), 381-389.

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hart, Oliver D & Moore, John, 1988. "Incomplete Contracts and Renegotiation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(4), pages 755-785, July.
    2. Holmstrom, Bengt, 1989. "Agency costs and innovation," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 305-327, December.
    3. Joskow, Paul L, 1988. "Asset Specificity and the Structure of Vertical Relationships: Empirical Evidence," Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 4(1), pages 95-117, Spring.
    4. Grossman, Sanford J & Hart, Oliver D, 1986. "The Costs and Benefits of Ownership: A Theory of Vertical and Lateral Integration," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(4), pages 691-719, August.
    5. Robert Gibbons, 1998. "Incentives in Organizations," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 12(4), pages 115-132, Fall.
    6. Arnold Picot, 1998. "Die grenzenlose Unternehmung," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 51(34-35), pages 44-55, October.
    7. Bengt Holmstrom & John Roberts, 1998. "The Boundaries of the Firm Revisited," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 12(4), pages 73-94, Fall.
    8. Kirsten Foss & Nicolai J. Foss, 1999. "Understanding Ownership Residual Rights of Control and Appropriable Control Rights," DRUID Working Papers 99-4, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
    9. Klein, Benjamin & Crawford, Robert G & Alchian, Armen A, 1978. "Vertical Integration, Appropriable Rents, and the Competitive Contracting Process," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 21(2), pages 297-326, October.
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    11. repec:mes:jeciss:v:30:y:1996:i:4:p:1212-1216 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item


    Environmental Kuznets Curve; umwelttechnischer Fortschritt; Nachhaltigkeit; Wachstum; Strukturwandel; Leerlaufgrenze;

    JEL classification:

    • Q20 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - General
    • Q32 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General


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