IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/ivi/wpasec/2009-06.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Explaining protectionism support: the role of economic factors

Author

Listed:
  • Juliette Milgram

    (Universidad de Granada)

  • Máximo Rossi

    (Universidad de la República Uruguay Constituyente)

  • Natalia Melgar

    (Universidad de la República Uruguay Constituyente)

Abstract

In this paper, we investigate some factors shaping individual support for protectionism that have not been studied previously. We examine a heterogeneous sample of thirty countries which includes both small and large and developed and developing countries using data from the 2003 International Social Survey Program (ISSP). We confirm the influence of social status, relative income, values and attachments on preferences for trade policies and the fact that skilled people are also more likely to be pro-trade. We also verify previous findings concerning the fact that individual¿s opinions match with how their revenue could be affected in the medium or long term by trade liberalization. We highlight other important factors influencing public opinion towards protectionism: individual support for protectionism is also affected by the macroeconomic context and size of their country of residence. Este trabajo analiza cuales son los factores que explican el apoyo de los individuos a políticas proteccionistas incluyendo características tanto del individuo como de su país de residencia, que no han sido incluidos en trabajos previos. Para ello, se utiliza una muestra heterogénea de treinta países que incluye economías de distinto tamaño, países desarrollados y en vías de desarrollo. La base de datos corresponde a la encuesta realizada en el año 2003 por la red International Social Survey Program (ISSP). Se confirma que el status social, el ingreso relativo, los valores y los apegos juegan un rol significativo en la determinación de las preferencias por el libre comercio. En segundo lugar, se constata que los individuos con mayores niveles de educación tienden a preferir el libre comercio. Además, se verifica que las opiniones de los individuos son determinadas por la percepción de cómo afecta la liberalización comercial a su ingreso en el medio y largo plazo. Por ultimo, se destacan factores adicionales relevantes en la determinación de las actitudes individuales frente al proteccionismo: el contexto macroeconómico y el tamaño relativo del país de residencia.

Suggested Citation

  • Juliette Milgram & Máximo Rossi & Natalia Melgar, 2009. "Explaining protectionism support: the role of economic factors," Working Papers. Serie EC 2009-06, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  • Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:2009-06
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.ivie.es/downloads/docs/wpasec/wpasec-2009-06.pdf
    File Function: Fisrt version / Primera version, 2009
    Download Restriction: no

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Russell Golman & George Loewenstein & Karl Ove Moene & Luca Zarri, 2016. "The Preference for Belief Consonance," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 30(3), pages 165-188, Summer.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Preferencias; apoyo al proteccionismo; libre comercio; políticas comerciales; mercantilismo; nacionalismo Preferences; protectionism support; free trade; trade policies; mercantilist; nationalism.;

    JEL classification:

    • D01 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Microeconomic Behavior: Underlying Principles
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:2009-06. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Departamento de Edición). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/ievages.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.