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Capital Humano Y Movilidad Espacial Del Trabajo En La Economía Española

Listed author(s):
  • Lorenzo Serrano Martínez

    (Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas)

This paper analyzes the Spanish case, in which a significant degree of regional inequality exists along with scarce net migratory flows. Therefore, we consider spatial differences on human capital returns as a determinant of migration instead of per capita income or wage per worker, as empirical results show when analyzing interprovincial migration along 1964-93 period. Because a great deal of regional inequalities are due to different human capital stocks, the incentives for migration are weak also. So, we can not expect migration flows to contribute in a significant way to the regional convergence in Spain, which is subject to the ¿slow by nature¿ convergence of human capital stocks. Este trabajo analiza la situación española en la que se combina un notable nivel de desigualdad regional con flujos migratorios netos de escasa entidad. Para ello se considera que lo relevante en la decisión de emigrar son las diferencias espaciales en la retribución del capital humano en vez de renta per cápita o salario por trabajador, tal y como indican los resultados empíricos obtenidos al analizar las migraciones interprovinciales durante el periodo 1964-93. En la medida en que las diferencias regionales se deben a las distintas dotaciones de capital humano, los incentivos a la migración son igualmente escasos. Por consiguiente, no cabe confiar en que las migraciones contribuyan de modo importante a la convergencia espacial en España, que estaría condicionada por la propia convergencia en las dotaciones de capital humano, un proceso lento por naturaleza.

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File Function: Fisrt version / Primera version, 1998
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Paper provided by Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie) in its series Working Papers. Serie EC with number 1998-06.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: Jan 1998
Publication status: Published by Ivie
Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:1998-06
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