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Privatization and Transnationalization in Portugal (1980-2005)


  • Ana Bela Nunes
  • Carlos Bastien
  • Nuno Valerio


This text tries to assess the relation between the privatization and transnationalization processes in the Portuguese economy in the last two decades of the 20th century and the early 2151 century. It concludes that the privatization process changed the Portuguese economic system from a strong State capitalism to a weakly regulated capitalism, and promoted both passive transnationalization, i. e. the penetration of foreign economic groups into the Portuguese economy, and the formation, restoration or reinforcement of Portuguese economic groups, some of which started an active transnationalization process. All these processes unfolded according to what could be expected in a European and World context, although Portuguese investments abroad presented some specificities, mainly related to the importance of the Portuguese-speaking countries, the network services and strategical alliances with Spanish enterprises.

Suggested Citation

  • Ana Bela Nunes & Carlos Bastien & Nuno Valerio, 2006. "Privatization and Transnationalization in Portugal (1980-2005)," Working Papers GHES - Office of Economic and Social History 2006/27, ISEG - Lisbon School of Economics and Management, GHES - Social and Economic History Research Unit, Universidade de Lisboa.
  • Handle: RePEc:ise:gheswp:wp272006

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    Multinational firms; Government Policy and Regulation; Privatization JEL classification : F23; G38; L33;

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • G38 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • L33 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Comparison of Public and Private Enterprise and Nonprofit Institutions; Privatization; Contracting Out


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