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Analysis of Emerging Reputation and Funding Mechanisms in the Context of Open Science 2.0

Author

Listed:
  • Eti Herman

    () (CiberResearch Ltd)

  • Hamid R. Jamali

    () (CiberResearch Ltd)

  • Dave Nicholas

    () (CiberResearch Ltd)

  • David Osimo

    () (Open Evidence)

  • Federica Porcu

    () (Open Evidence)

  • Laia Pujol

    () (Open Evidence)

Abstract

This report covers the outcomes of two studies funded by JRC IPTS to explore emerging drivers for Open Science 2.0. In general, Open Science 2.0 is associated with themes such as open access to scientific outputs, open data, citizen science and open peer evaluation systems. This study, however, focused on less explored themes, namely on alternative funding mechanisms for scientific research and on emerging reputation mechanisms for scholars resulting from Web 2.0 platforms and applications. It has been demonstrated that both are providing significant new opportunities for researchers to disseminate, share, explore and collaborate with other researchers, but it remains to be seen whether they will be able to bring about more disruptive change in how science and research systems function in the future. They could well do so, especially if related changes being considered by the European Commission on ‘Science 2.0: Science in Transition’ are taken into account.

Suggested Citation

  • Eti Herman & Hamid R. Jamali & Dave Nicholas & David Osimo & Federica Porcu & Laia Pujol, 2015. "Analysis of Emerging Reputation and Funding Mechanisms in the Context of Open Science 2.0," JRC Working Papers JRC94952, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
  • Handle: RePEc:ipt:iptwpa:jrc94952
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    File URL: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC94952
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    Keywords

    Open science; science 2.0; digital science; alternative funding methods; crowdfunding; inducement prizes; reputation systems for scholars; reputation building social software.;

    JEL classification:

    • O3 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy

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