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Desigualdades de gênero em tempo de trabalho pago e não pago no Brasil, 2013

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  • Luana Simões Pinheiro
  • Marcelo Medeiros

Abstract

Avalia-se a desigualdade de gênero no uso do tempo para trabalho no Brasil dividindo-se o tempo total de trabalho em trabalho pago (mercado) e não pago (doméstico) a partir de dados da Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (Pnad) 2013. Conclui-se que há muita desigualdade dentro do grupo dos homens, bem como dentro do grupo das mulheres. A maior parte da desigualdade dentro desses grupos está associada à polarização entre trabalhar ou não. Os trabalhos femininos, pago e não pago, são os que mais contribuem para a desigualdade total na sociedade. O trabalho doméstico masculino não é frequente e por isso contribui pouco para a desigualdade. Os principais determinantes do diferencial de gênero na duração das jornadas de trabalho são a proporção de pessoas que fazem trabalho pago e a duração do trabalho não pago. A divisão sexual do trabalho não é caracterizada por um espelhamento de atividades e, por isso, as mulheres invariavelmente trabalham mais que os homens, mesmo quando as desigualdades dentro dos grupos são consideradas. We examine gender inequalies in time use in Brazil by decomposing the total time employed in work in paid (market) and unpaid work (domestic). Data comes from the 2013 National Household Survey, Pnad. We found large inequalities within the subgroups of men and women. Most inequality within these groups is related to the polarization between working or not. Female work, both paid and unpaid, is what contributes more to total inequality in society. The domestic work of men is not common and, as a consequence, contributes little to total inequality. The main determinants of the gender differential in working hours are the proportion of people who do some paid work and the duration of unpaid work. The sexual division of labor is not characterized by a mirroring of activities. Therefore, women invariably work more than men, even when within group inequalities are taken into account.

Suggested Citation

  • Luana Simões Pinheiro & Marcelo Medeiros, 2016. "Desigualdades de gênero em tempo de trabalho pago e não pago no Brasil, 2013," Discussion Papers 2214, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:2214
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