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Fatores Associados ao Desempenho dos Concluintes de Cursos de Engenharia no ENADE 2011

Listed author(s):
  • Gabriela Miranda Moriconi
  • Paulo A. Meyer M. Nascimento

Este artigo busca identificar, com dados do Exame Nacional de Desempenho dos Estudantes realizado em 2011 (Enade 2011) e por meio de modelagens hierárquico-lineares, fatores associados ao desempenho dos novos engenheiros formados no Brasil naquele ano. Espera-se, com isso, fornecer aos gestores das instituições e aos formuladores de políticas para o ensino superior indícios sobre o que se mostra mais relevante na formação nas engenharias, principalmente no que concerne a fatores susceptíveis à interveniência de decisões gerenciais e/ou de formulação de políticas. Não obstante as limitações da base de dados e da endogeneidade esperada, os resultados reforçam a percepção geral de que cursos seletivos de instituições públicas destacam-se na formação de engenheiros, mas também apontam a importância, em muitos cursos, da disponibilidade do professor para atendimento fora do horário de aula e, ao menos nos cursos de engenharia de produção, da utilização de planos de ensino completos. Na média, auferem desempenho melhor os novos engenheiros que cursaram o ensino superior na idade correta e que passaram por escolas públicas durante o ensino médio. Já mulheres e minorias étnicas ainda têm notas menores que homens que se declaram brancos. This paper applies multilevel models to Brazilian’s tertiary education assessment data in order to test whether some of the factors pointed out by the literature as relevant to achievement are associated with the performance of last year engineering students in 2011. Brazil is the only country where compulsory national exams are applied to last year tertiary education students. This sets a unique opportunity to model student achievement on tertiary education as a function of discretionary and non-discretionary factors. Results confirm that selective courses produce better-prepared graduates, but also show that out-of-class availability of teachers is positively associated to performance in most types of engineering courses, and well-designed teaching-and-learning plans seem to be particularly relevant for industrial students. In average, students coming from publicly run secondary schools and attaining engineering courses in the appropriate age perform better, but women and non-whites still achieve lower grades than white men.

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Paper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1925.

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Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2014
Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1925
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