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Ação Coletiva e o Problema de Coordenação

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  • Valdir Melo

Abstract

O problema de coordenação diz respeito a como fazer que ações ou escolhas de agentes sociais (pessoas ou organizações) se casem na maneira desejada. Certos problemas de coordenação são, ao mesmo tempo, problemas de separação. Em muitos casos de carência de coordenação, há deficiência ou pouca confiabilidade na comunicação. Às vezes, as expectativas dos agentes na situação-problema cumprem o papel fundamental de viabilizar a coordenação. Porém, coordenação bem-sucedida pode precisar não só de instituições, costumes, ou crenças, mas também de tecnologia, em alguma combinação adequada. O problema complementar ao de coordenação é conseguir um mecanismo de amarração, para que o resultado coordenado se torne firme e persistente.Neste texto, essas considerações são aplicadas a temas das políticas públicas de segurança pública, de relações internacionais, de combate à discriminação injusta, de saúde pública, de metrologia e normalização, de proteção ao consumidor, de apoio à pequena e média empresa, bem como de política pública urbana. The problem of coordination concerns how to make actions or choices of social agents (individuals or organizations) match in the right way. Some problems of coordination are also problems of separation. In many cases of lack of coordination, communication is faulty or not very reliable. Sometimes, the expectations of the agents in the problemsituation fulfill the fundamental role of achieving coordination. But successful coordination may need not only institutions, customs, or beliefs, but also technology, in some appropriate combination. The complementary problem is to find out a mechanism of lock-in, in order that the coordinated result become steady and persist. In this text, these thoughts are applied to issues of public policies concerning community safety, international relations, combating unjust discrimination, public health, metrology andstandardization, consumer protection, support of small business, as well as urban policy.

Suggested Citation

  • Valdir Melo, 2013. "Ação Coletiva e o Problema de Coordenação," Discussion Papers 1911, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1911
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