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Ativismo Estatal e Industrialismo Defensivo: Instrumentos e Capacidades na Política Industrial Brasileira

  • Mario G. Schapiro
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    A literatura de direito e desenvolvimento tem chamado a atenção para um novo tipo de atuação do Estado na economia. Este trabalho parte destas análises de caráter transversal para avaliar qualitativa e verticalmente como tem ocorrido a atuação do Estado no setor industrial, notadamente a política industrial em curso – o Plano Brasil Maior (PBM). Se de fato há um novo tipo de ativismo estatal, a pergunta deste trabalho é se este protagonismo tem proporcionado uma intervenção potencialmente transformadora da estrutura industrial existente. A hipótese é a de que as medidas da política industrial brasileira tendem mais para um viés corretivo – ricardiano – do que para uma plataforma transformadora do estado da arte industrial – schumpeteriana. Este perfil, por sua vez, está associado ao tipo de capacidade de seu arranjo político-institucional, portador de debilidades em ambas as dimensões de análise: técnico-administrativa e política. The law and development literature has been drawing attention to a new type of state action in economy. Departing from this analysis, this paper intends to evaluate in both ways, qualitative and vertical, how the Brazilian state has been acting in the industrial sector. Particularly, this analysis lays on the current industrial policy – Plano Brasil Maior (PBM). Assuming that there is a new type of state activism, this paper wonder whether this activism has been able to generate a sort of economic intervention that is potentially transformative of the existing industrial pattern. The hypothesis of this article is that industrial policy in action is more driven to produce corrective effects, something like a Ricardian-type of policy, than to produce transformations in the industrial specialization, which would be equivalent to Schumpeterian-type of policy. This profile, in turn, is associated to the capacity of its institutional arrangement that is characterized by the weakness in both dimensions analyzed: technical-administrative and political.

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    Paper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1856.

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    Length: 61 pages
    Date of creation: Aug 2013
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1856
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