IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/ipe/ipetds/1844.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Gasto Público e Desigualdade de Renda no Brasil

Author

Listed:
  • Marcelo Medeiros
  • Pedro Souza

Abstract

Por meio de uma decomposição de fatores do coeficiente de Gini, mediu-se a contribuição para a desigualdade das transferências monetárias diretas do e para o Estado brasileiro. Entre as transferências do Estado, estão salários dos trabalhadores do setor público, previdência pública em geral e assistência social; as transferências para o Estado são os tributos diretos. Os dados são provenientes da Pesquisa de Orçamentos Familiares (POF) 2008-2009. Os resultados indicam que o Estado contribui diretamente para uma grande fração da desigualdade. Fatores associados ao trabalho no setor público – salários e Previdência – são muito concentrados e regressivos. Fatores relacionados ao setor privado também são concentradores, porém progressivos. Mecanismos redistributivos que poderiam reverter esta desigualdade, como tributos diretos e assistência social, são muito progressivos, mas seu volume é proporcionalmente pequeno; consequentemente, seu efeito positivo é completamente anulado pelas transferências regressivas do Estado. Ao contrário do que ocorre em outros países, o gasto público com trabalho e políticas sociais é concentrado em uma pequena população e, em seu conjunto, tende a aumentar a desigualdade. Using a factor decomposition of the Gini coefficient we measure the contribution to inequality of direct monetary transfers to and from the Brazilian State. Among the transfers from the State are wages of public workers, pensions and social assistance; the transfers to the State are direct taxes. Data comes from the Brazilian POF 2008-2009. The results indicate that the State contributes directly and to a large share of inequality. Factors associated to work in the public sector – wages and pensions – are very concentrated and regressive. Factors related to the private sector are still concentrated, but progressive. Redistributive mechanisms that could revert this inequality, such as taxes and social assistance, are very progressive but proportionally small; consequently their effect is completely offset by the regressive transfers from the State. Contrary to what has been found in other countries, public spending with work and social policies is concentrated in a small oligarchy and, taken as a whole, tends to increase inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Marcelo Medeiros & Pedro Souza, 2013. "Gasto Público e Desigualdade de Renda no Brasil," Discussion Papers 1844, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1844
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.ipea.gov.br/portal/images/stories/PDFs/TDs/td_1844.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. repec:ilo:ilowps:485507 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1844. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Fabio Schiavinatto). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/ipeaabr.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.