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Demanda por Prodcutos Alimentares nas Áreas Rurais e Urbanas do Brasil

Author

Listed:
  • Ana Luiza Neves de Holanda Barbosa
  • Tatiane Almeida de Menezes
  • Bárbara Caballero de Almeida

Abstract

O bjetivo deste artigo é calcular a elasticidade-preço e a elasticidade-despesa de 25 produtos alimentares das famílias residentes nas áreas rurais e urbanas do Brasil. Para tanto, foram estimados dois sistemas de equações de demanda por alimentos, um referente às famílias residentes nas áreas rurais do país e o outro associado às famílias residentes nas áreas urbanas. A base de dados utilizada é a Pesquisa de Orçamentos Familiares (POF) de 2002-2003 do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). A metodologia adotada na estimação das equações de demanda tem como base o modelo Linear Almost Ideal Demand System (LA/aids). Os resultados encontrados são um importante passo para a compreensão dos hábitos de consumo alimentar no Brasil, em particular, no Brasil urbano e no Brasil rural, e mostram-se um instrumento poderoso no auxílio da formulação e aperfeiçoamento de políticas públicas. This study estimates demand elasticities for staple foods in Brazil taking into account the differences in demand behaviour across urban and rural areas. We analyze microdata from 2002/2003 household expenditure survey (POF), conducted by IBGE. The methodology adopted in demand estimation is based on the Linear Almost Ideal Demand System (LA/AIDS). The results will give us a better understanding of the disparities of the consumption patterns across rural and urban areas in Brazil and provide useful tools in the improvement of public policy related issues.

Suggested Citation

  • Ana Luiza Neves de Holanda Barbosa & Tatiane Almeida de Menezes & Bárbara Caballero de Almeida, 2013. "Demanda por Prodcutos Alimentares nas Áreas Rurais e Urbanas do Brasil," Discussion Papers 1829, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1829
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