IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

As Liberdades Humanas como Bases do Desenvolvimento: Uma Análise Conceitual da Abordagem das Capacidades Humanas de Amartya Sen

  • Maurício Mota Saboya Pinheiro
Registered author(s):

    Este texto objetiva fazer uma análise conceitual da abordagem das capacidades humanas (desenvolvimento como liberdade) do economista e filósofo indiano Amartya Sen. Procura dar uma visão panorâmica da rede conceitual dessa abordagem e sinalizar algumas questões relevantes para a avaliação de instituições e de políticas públicas em geral. Contudo, o trabalho deve ser entendido como parte de uma pesquisa mais ampla, ainda em curso, cuja finalidade é aumentar nossa capacidade de análise dos grandes problemas do desenvolvimento nacional. Para Amartya Sen, um país é tanto mais desenvolvido quanto mais se promove a expansão do horizonte de liberdade dos seus cidadãos. Assim, a análise de Sen volta-se para o que devem ser os verdadeiros fins do desenvolvimento: as próprias pessoas. Nesse sentido, a abordagem de avaliação social do autor aqui estudado se distingue de outras mais tradicionais, cujo foco recai sobre a renda, a riqueza, e/ou outros meios de que as pessoas se utilizam para atingir seus objetivos. Este trabalho conclui que a abordagem das capacidades humanas pode ser vista como um método geral de avaliação de estratégias de desenvolvimento, instituições e políticas públicas. Ademais, conclui que a obra de Sen é capaz de contribuir com muitos insights e informações relevantes que poderão ser combinados com os diagnósticos e métodos empregados nas outras abordagens. Palavras-chave: desenvolvimento econômico; desenvolvimento humano; liberdade; Amartya Sen. This text aims at making a conceptual analysis of the capabilities approach (development as freedom) proposed by the Indian economist and philosopher Amartya Sen. It seeks to provide a broad view on the conceptual web of Sen?s approach; thereafter it points out some issues that are relevant to the assessment of institutions and public policies in general. This work should be understood as part of an ongoing and broader research that seeks to enlarge our analytical power to deal with the major problems of national development. To Amartya Sen, the more developed a country is, the more expanded is the horizon of its citizens? freedoms. So, Sen?s analysis concerns what should be the true aim of development: persons themselves. In this sense, Sen?s social evaluation approach is to be distinguished from the more traditional ones that focus on income, wealth and/or other means which people employ in order to attain their objectives. This work concludes that the capabilities approach may be seen as a general method of evaluating development strategies, institutions and public policies. Also, that Sen?s ideas can contribute many insights and relevant information that could be combined with diagnoses and methods employed in the more traditional approaches. Keywords: economic development; human development; freedom; Amartya Sen.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL: http://www.ipea.gov.br/portal/images/stories/PDFs/TDs/td_1794.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Paper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1794.

    as
    in new window

    Length: 56 pages
    Date of creation: Nov 2012
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1794
    Contact details of provider: Postal: SBS - Quadra 01 - Bloco J - Ed. BNDES, Brasília, DF - 70076-90
    Phone: +55(061)315-5000
    Fax: +55(61)321-1597
    Web page: http://www.ipea.gov.br
    Email:


    More information through EDIRC

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1794. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Fabio Schiavinatto)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.