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Prêmio Salarial Urbano e a Trajetória da Desigualdade: Evidências Para o Brasil

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  • Bruno de Oliveira Cruz
  • Paolo Maticchioni

Abstract

Este trabalho analisa a dinâmica do prêmio salarial urbano no Brasil e a relação entre a queda do prêmio salarial e a trajetória da desigualdade de rendimentos no país. A partir dos dados da Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (PNAD) nos anos 2002 e 2009, são obtidos dois resultados principais: no primeiro, observa-se uma queda no prêmio salarial entre 2002 e 2009, utilizando mínimo quadrado ordinários (MQO) quanto regressões quantílicas. Uma segunda evidência encontrada refere-se ao fato de que a queda no prêmio salarial é mais acentuada para o decil superior de renda que para o decil inferior. Estes resultados sugerem que a queda no prêmio salarial contribuiu de fato para a redução da desigualdade na última década no Brasil. Palavras-chave: prêmio salarial urbano; desigualdade salarial; Brasil. In this paper, we use data from the National Household Survey (PNAD) for Brazil to investigate the dynamics of the urban wage premium and the relationship between the urban wage premium and inequality trends, and we find two main results. First, we find a decreasing urban wage premium over the period 2002-2009 using both OLS and quantile regression. Second, we show that the fall in the urban wage premium is more pronounced at the 90th percentile than at the 10th percentile. This finding suggests that the falling urban wage premium has contributed to the reduction in inequality observed in Brazil in the last decade. Keywords: urban wage premium; wage inequality; Brazil.

Suggested Citation

  • Bruno de Oliveira Cruz & Paolo Maticchioni, 2012. "Prêmio Salarial Urbano e a Trajetória da Desigualdade: Evidências Para o Brasil," Discussion Papers 1793, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1793
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