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Dos "Dividendos da Paz" À Guerra Contra o Terror: Gastos Militares Mundiais Nas Duas Décadas Após o Fim da Guerra Fria -1991-2009

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  • Edison Benedito da Silva Filho
  • Rodrigo Fracalossi de Moraes

Abstract

O artigo enfoca a trajetória dos gastos militares mundiais no período compreendido entre 1991 e 2009, com base numa análise exploratória acerca dos fatores econômicos e institucionais que afetaram, nesse período, os orçamentos de defesa dos países com os maiores gastos militares do mundo. Apresenta-se também uma análise comparativa da evolução da composição dos dispêndios com defesa no Brasil e em países da Organização do Tratado do Atlântico Norte (OTAN) nos anos 2000, apontando as diferenças entre as proporções dos orçamentos alocados para aquisição de equipamentos militares e para pagamento de pessoal. Analisam-se ainda os diferentes graus de investimento em intensificação de capital destas mesmas forças armadas, destacando suas diferenças em relação às dos Estados Unidos. Palavras-chave: Gastos militares, década de 1990, década de 2000, gastos com equipamentos militares, gastos com pessoal militar, intensidade de capital das forças armadas. This article examines the world military expenditures in the period 1991-2009, based on an exploratory analysis about the institutional and economic factors that affected the defense budgets in the countries with the largest military expenditures in the world. Furthermore, there is a comparative analysis of the composition of military expenditures in Brazil and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) countries in the 2000s, expounding differences on the proportions of resources allocated for weapons purchases and payment of personnel. Finally, the article analyzes the different degrees of investments on capital intensity in these countries´ militaries, stressing their differences in comparison with the United States. Keywords: Military expenditures, 1990s, 2000s, expenditures on military weapons, expenditures on military personnel, military´s capital intensity. i.

Suggested Citation

  • Edison Benedito da Silva Filho & Rodrigo Fracalossi de Moraes, 2012. "Dos "Dividendos da Paz" À Guerra Contra o Terror: Gastos Militares Mundiais Nas Duas Décadas Após o Fim da Guerra Fria -1991-2009," Discussion Papers 1754, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1754
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