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Desindustrialização: Luzes e Sombras no Debate Brasileiro

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  • Gabriel Coelho Squeff

Abstract

Este texto discute a hipótese de desindustrialização brasileira a partir de indicadores não encontrados usualmente na literatura sobre o tema. A avaliação foi feita com base na estrutura e dinâmica da indústria de transformação vis-à-vis o restante da economia e, adicionalmente, sob a ótica intraindustrial a partir da classificação das atividades econômicas segundo intensidade tecnológica da Organização para a Cooperação e Desenvolvimento Econômico (OCDE). Ambos os métodos permitiram discutir este tema sob uma perspectiva mais ampla e acurada, identificando-se dados que corroboram e contrariam a hipótese de que o Brasil está passando por um processo de desindustrialização de sentido pejorativo. Palavras-chave: desindustrialização; setor manufatureiro; intensidade tecnológica. This paper discusses the de-industrialization hypothesis in Brazil based on indicators usually not found in the literature. The evaluation was based on the structure and dynamics of the manufacturing sector vis-à-vis the rest of the economy and, in addition, from an intra-industrial standpoint using OCDE`s classification of technological intensity. Both methods allowed us to discuss this subject broadly and accurately, identifying data that support and contradict the hypothesis that Brazil is suffering a de-industrialization process in the negative sense. Key words: de-industrialization; manufacturing; technological intensity.

Suggested Citation

  • Gabriel Coelho Squeff, 2012. "Desindustrialização: Luzes e Sombras no Debate Brasileiro," Discussion Papers 1747, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1747
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