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Heterogeneidade Produtiva na Agricultura Brasileira: Elementos Estruturais e Dinâmicos da Trajetória Produtiva Recente

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  • Gesmar Rosa dos Santos
  • José Eustáquio Ribeiro Vieira Filho

Abstract

Este estudo aborda a heterogeneidade estrutural e produtiva da agricultura brasileira, recorrendo a indicadores econômicos de produtividade do trabalho, de especialização produtiva e de concentração da renda na agropecuária. A heterogeneidade estrutural pode ser evidenciada por meio da permanência de diferenças estruturais e econômicas que prejudicam o desenvolvimento econômico inclusivo. Interessa discutir os motivos e as questões institucionais e estruturais que levam à heterogeneidade. Os dados mostram uma elevada especialização produtiva e concentração de renda e recursos que afetam o desenvolvimento sustentável do setor em suas diversas dimensões. Analisadas do ponto de vista da heterogeneidade estrutural, as políticas públicas têm sido falhas tanto na difusão de tecnologia aos produtores como também no incentivo ao ganho de escala neste grupo. Disparidades inter-regionais destacadas também evidenciam a fragilidade de grande parte de produtores e mostram distintas trajetórias da agropecuária brasileira. Palavras-chave: Heterogeneidade, produtividade, especialização e concentração. This study addresses the structural heterogeneity and production of Brazilian agriculture. Economic indicators of labor productivity, specialization and income concentration in agriculture are analyzed. The structural heterogeneity can be evidenced through the persistence of economic differences that hinder economic development inclusive. The central objective is discussing the structural and productive issues that lead to heterogeneity in agriculture. We show a high specialization and concentration of income in a few group of products and resources that affect sustainable development of the sector in its various dimensions. When analyszed from the standpoint of structural heterogeneity, public policies have been failures in both themes: diffusion of technology to producers as well as the incentive to gain in scale. Interregional disparities also highlight some weaknesses of the majority of producers, as well as their different trajectory of agricultural production. Keywords: Heterogeneity, productivity, specialization and concentration

Suggested Citation

  • Gesmar Rosa dos Santos & José Eustáquio Ribeiro Vieira Filho, 2012. "Heterogeneidade Produtiva na Agricultura Brasileira: Elementos Estruturais e Dinâmicos da Trajetória Produtiva Recente," Discussion Papers 1740, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1740
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