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Desenvolvimento Tecnológico por Origem de Capital: A Experiência Brasileira Recente

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  • Graziela Ferrero Zucoloto
  • José Eduardo Cassiolato

Abstract

Este trabalho tem por objetivo discutir o processo de internacionalização tecnológica e seus impactos na indústria brasileira, com enfoque nas atividades de pesquisa e desenvolvimento (P&D), comparando a performance de empresas nacionais e filiais de empresas multinacionais. Inicialmente serão apresentados os principais conceitos e a evolução do debate teórico, incluindo as razões que estimulam e limitam as empresas a internacionalizarem suas atividades tecnológicas. Esta análise será complementada pelo perfil estatístico das empresas multinacionais norte-americanas, verificando a participação do Brasil na atração de tais investimentos. Mais detalhadamente, serão comparadas as atividades tecnológicas de empresas nacionais e filiais de multinacionais atuantes no Brasil, com ênfase nas atividades de P&D. Testes estatísticos procuram, por fim, identificar a importância da origem de capital na realização de P&D no Brasil. This paper discusses the impacts of the technological internationalization process in the Brazilian economy, focusing on R&D activities, comparing national and subsidiaries R&D performance. After a literature review, the paper presents the statistical profile of US multinational companies, analyzing if Brazil is attracting these investments. In detail, it compares R&D activities of national and subsidiaries firms in Brazil; statistical tests identify the importance of origin of capital in Brazilian R&D performance.

Suggested Citation

  • Graziela Ferrero Zucoloto & José Eduardo Cassiolato, 2012. "Desenvolvimento Tecnológico por Origem de Capital: A Experiência Brasileira Recente," Discussion Papers 1728, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1728
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