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A Inserção Externa da Indústria Brasileira de Defesa: 1975 - 2010

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  • Renato Baumann

Abstract

O texto analisa o histórico da inserção externa da indústria brasileira de defesa e o papel que o mercado externo desempenhou - e pode vir a desempenhar - para esta indústria. Demonstra-se que, para um país no qual as aquisições internas de equipamentos militares são relativamente baixas como o Brasil, as exportações desempenham papel essencial à manutenção de uma indústria de defesa economicamente viável - ou seja, que possa produzir itens com custos unitários não muito elevados e seja capaz de manter-se sustentável no longo prazo sem o constante recebimento de subsídios do Estado. Uma análise como esta pode ser útil em momento no qual a revitalização da indústria bélica no Brasil se mostra como processo cada vez mais concreto. Os atores, que, de alguma forma, estão envolvidos no processo de revitalização - ou que possam ser afetados por este - podem ter, assim, mais subsídios para eventuais decisões a serem tomadas nesta área. This paper analyzes the history of international insertion of Brazil`s defense industry and the role the foreign market has played for this industry. It is shown that for a country like Brazil, where the demands for military equipment is relatively low, exports play an essential role to maintain a viable defense industry, i.e., which can be able to produce items with not so high unitary costs and to remain sustainable in the long term without receiving subsidies from the State. Such an analysis can be useful when the revitalization of the defense industry in Brazil is a more and more concrete process, so the actors who somehow are involved in the process of revitalization - or who may be affected by it - can have more information to make any necessary decisions in this area.

Suggested Citation

  • Renato Baumann, 2012. "A Inserção Externa da Indústria Brasileira de Defesa: 1975 - 2010," Discussion Papers 1715, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1715
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