IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/ipe/ipetds/1713.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Diferencial de Salários Entre os Setores Público e Privado no Brasil: Um Modelo de Escolha Endógena

Author

Listed:
  • Ana Luiza Neves de Holanda Barbosa
  • Fernando de Holanda Barbosa Filho

Abstract

Este artigo investiga o diferencial de salários entre os trabalhadores dos setores público e privado no Brasil. A análise tem como base os microdados da Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (PNAD), de 2009, conduzida pelo Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). A principal contribuição deste estudo é a estimação de um modelo de regressão com mudança endógena (endogenous switching regression model), que corrige o viés de seleção no processo de escolha setorial realizada pelos trabalhadores e permite a identificação de fatores determinantes na entrada do trabalhador no mercado de trabalho do setor público. O diferencial salarial público-privado ainda é calculado por gênero, uma vez que a oferta de trabalho é bastante diferenciada entre homens e mulheres no Brasil. Os resultados deste trabalho demonstram que os salários do setor público são mais altos do que aqueles do setor privado no Brasil. Em particular, o diferencial públicoprivado entre mulheres é maior do que entre homens, quando o modelo não é controlado por características não observáveis dos trabalhadores. This study investigates the wage gap between the public and private sectors in Brazil. The analysis is carried out with 2009 microdata from the Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (PNAD) and it takes account its complex sample design. The main contribution of this study is the estimation of a switching endogenous regression model that corrects the selection bias in the choice of employment sector. This model allows for the identification of some factors that determine the entrance of the individual in the public sector labor market. The public-private wage gap is calculated by gender as labor supply varies significantly between women and men. The results show that public sector wages are higher than those in the private sector. In particular, the public-private wage gap for women is higher than for men.

Suggested Citation

  • Ana Luiza Neves de Holanda Barbosa & Fernando de Holanda Barbosa Filho, 2012. "Diferencial de Salários Entre os Setores Público e Privado no Brasil: Um Modelo de Escolha Endógena," Discussion Papers 1713, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1713
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.ipea.gov.br/portal/images/stories/PDFs/TDs/td_1713.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Alex Anas & Richard Arnott & Kenneth A. Small, 1998. "Urban Spatial Structure," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, pages 1426-1464.
    2. Catherine Baumont & Cem Ertur & Julie Le Gallo, 2003. "Spatial Analysis Of Employment And Population Density: The Case Of The Agglomeration Of Dijon, 1999," Urban/Regional 0310003, EconWPA.
    3. Daniel P. McMillen, 2004. "Employment Densities, Spatial Autocorrelation, and Subcenters in Large Metropolitan Areas," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(2), pages 225-244.
    4. Daniel Griffith & David Wong, 2007. "Modeling population density across major US cities: a polycentric spatial regression approach," Journal of Geographical Systems, Springer, pages 53-75.
    5. Tim Schwanen & Frans M. Dieleman & Martin Dijst, 2004. "The Impact of Metropolitan Structure on Commute Behavior in the Netherlands: A Multilevel Approach," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(3), pages 304-333.
    6. Giuliano, Genevieve & Small, Kenneth A., 1991. "Subcenters in the Los Angeles region," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, pages 163-182.
    7. Fujita, Masahisa & Ogawa, Hideaki, 1982. "Multiple equilibria and structural transition of non-monocentric urban configurations," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 161-196, May.
    8. Nicholas Crafts & Abay Mulatu, 2005. "What explains the location of industry in Britain, 1871–1931?," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, pages 499-518.
    9. repec:brs:ecchap:02 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. H. Kelejian, Harry & Prucha, Ingmar R., 2001. "On the asymptotic distribution of the Moran I test statistic with applications," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 104(2), pages 219-257, September.
    11. McMillen, Daniel P., 2001. "Nonparametric Employment Subcenter Identification," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(3), pages 448-473, November.
    12. David Levinson & Ajay Kumar, 1997. "Density and the Journey to Work," Working Papers 199701, University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group.
    13. Anderson, John E., 1982. "Cubic-spline urban-density functions," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 155-167, September.
    14. K.H. Midelfart & H.G. Overman & S.J. Redding & A.J. Venables, 2000. "The location of European industry," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 142, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1713. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Fabio Schiavinatto). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/ipeaabr.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.