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Estimando o Desalinhamento Cambial Brasileiro a Partir de Modelos Multivariados com Cointegração

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  • Emerson Fernandes Marçal

Abstract

Este artigo tem como objetivo estimar a taxa de câmbio real de equilíbrio para a economia brasileira. O objetivo é determinar a taxa de câmbio real que implica estabilidade da posição passiva líquida externa entre residentes e não residentes, e logo evitaria o acúmulo de desequilíbrio que gerasse fortes alterações na taxa de câmbio num futuro próximo. Utiliza-se um modelo econométrico com cointegração. O modelo estimado sugere que a taxa de câmbio estava apreciada frente a uma cesta de moedas no final de 2010. A razão para esta apreciação sugerida se deve ao fato de o modelo interpretar os ganhos de trocas recentes como transitórios em sua maioria, obrigando a ajustes da taxa de câmbio no futuro. Uma decomposição entre fatores transitórios e permanentes é feita a partir da metodologia proposta por Gonzalo e Granger (1995). This paper aims to estimate the equilibrium real exchange rate for the Brazilian economy. The equilibrium exchange rate is defined as the level of exchange that guarantees that the net foreign asset position is stable over time. An econometric model is estimated using cointegration techniques. The results of the estimated model suggest that Brazilian currency was overvalued when compared to weighted basket of foreign currencies at the end of 2010. The model also suggests that the Brazilian currency is overvalued due to a predominantly transitory gain in Brazilian terms of trade. If this is correct the Brazilian currency must depreciate in the long run in order to sustain the stability of the net foreign asset position. Gonzalo e Granger (1995) methodology was used to decompose the series in transitory and permanent components.

Suggested Citation

  • Emerson Fernandes Marçal, 2011. "Estimando o Desalinhamento Cambial Brasileiro a Partir de Modelos Multivariados com Cointegração," Discussion Papers 1666, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1666
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