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Sobre a Redução das Matrículas no Ensino Médio Regular

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  • Paulo Roberto Corbucci

Abstract

Este texto para discussão tem por objetivo identificar possíveis causas da redução das matrículas no ensino médio regular, ocorrida em nível nacional a partir de 2005. Para tanto, foram analisados dados de matrículas desagregados segundo as seguintes variáveis: i) dimensão regional; ii) turno de ensino; iii) dependência administrativa (pública/privada); iv) localização da escola (rural/urbana); v) séries de ensino; vi) faixas etárias; e vii) sexo do estudante. Além dos dados de matrículas, disponibilizados pelo Censo Escolar da Educação Básica, realizado pelo Ministério da Educação (MEC), foram utilizadas informações da Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (PNAD), sob responsabilidade do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). O recorte temporal compreendeu o período 2000-2006. Alguns fatores foram identificados como possíveis explicações para a redução das matrículas no ensino médio regular: i) diminuição do número de concluintes do ensino fundamental; ii) redução da distorção idade–série no ensino médio; e iii) aumento das matrículas no ensino médio, na modalidade Educação de Jovens e Adultos (EJA). The goal of this discussion text is to identify possible causes of the reduction in regular high school enrollment, which occurred in Brazil since 2005. The text analyzes enrollment data disaggregated according the following variables: i) region; ii) class period; iii) administration level (public/private); iv) school location (rural/urban); v) grades; vi) ages groups; and vii) gender. In addition to enrollment data available from the Ministry of Education’s Basic Education Census, information from the National Household Survey (PNAD), collected by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, was also used. The period analyzed was from 2000 to 2006. Some factors were identified as possible explanations for the high school enrollment reduction: i) decreasing number of graduates from elementary education; ii) reduction of age-grade lag in high school level; iii) enrollment increase in youths and adults and adult education (EJA).

Suggested Citation

  • Paulo Roberto Corbucci, 2009. "Sobre a Redução das Matrículas no Ensino Médio Regular," Discussion Papers 1421, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1421
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Hausman, Jerry A & Taylor, William E, 1981. "Panel Data and Unobservable Individual Effects," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(6), pages 1377-1398, November.
    2. Thomas A. Garrett & Russell M. Rhine, 2006. "On the size and growth of government," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Jan, pages 13-30.
    3. Katsimi, Margarita, 1998. "Explaining the Size of the Public Sector," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 96(1-2), pages 117-144, July.
    4. Mueller,Dennis C., 2003. "Public Choice III," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521894753, December.
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