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Fatores Condicionantes da Gravidade dos Acidentes de Trânsito nas Rodovias Brasileiras

Author

Listed:
  • Ieda Maria de Oliveira Lima
  • José Carlos Figueiredo
  • Patrícia Alessandra Morita
  • Philip Gold

Abstract

Este trabalho objetiva demonstrar como determinadas características físicas e operacionais, pontuais e sistêmicas, nas rodovias federais, propiciam a ocorrência de acidentes com vítimas, e como o próprio banco de dados sobre acidentes da Polícia Rodoviária Federal (Datatran) pode ser utilizado para apontar a direção para a realização de vistorias técnicas ágeis e eficientes, resultando tanto na identificação rápida de fatores ambientais contribuintes, assim como na elaboração de propostas para sua eliminação ou redução. Foram realizadas vistorias em campo em duas rodovias selecionadas: BR-116 e BR-324. Os resultados indicaram muitas características inadequadas das rodovias federais que contribuem para os acidentes. Com isto, foi possível desenvolver uma metodologia para identificação de fatores contribuintes aos acidentes que poderiam ser reduzidos ou eliminados, diretamente sob o controle da entidade gestora da rodovia, implicando diminuição de vítimas feridas e mortas, sem necessidade de envolvimento de outras entidades, e mesmo sem alterações no comportamento dos usuários e no estado operacional da frota de veículos. The aim of this study consisted in demonstrating how physical and operational characteristics in federal highways, both punctual and sistemic, propitiate the occurrence of traffic accidents with victims, and how the data base on traffic accidents of the Federal Road Policy (Datatran) can be used to guide agile and efficient field research, resulting in fast identification of contributing factors and in the elaboration of recommendations for its elimination or reduction. Field research was carried through in two selected highways: BR-116 and BR-324. The results showed many inadequate characteristics of federal highways that contribute to accidents. With this, it was possible to develop a methodology for identifying contributing factors to accidents, which are directly under the control of the managing entity of the highway, and that could be reduced or eliminated, resulting in the reduction of wounded victims and deceased, without the necessary envolvement of other entities, and without change in users’ behavior and in the operational state of the fleet of vehicles.

Suggested Citation

  • Ieda Maria de Oliveira Lima & José Carlos Figueiredo & Patrícia Alessandra Morita & Philip Gold, 2008. "Fatores Condicionantes da Gravidade dos Acidentes de Trânsito nas Rodovias Brasileiras," Discussion Papers 1344, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1344
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