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Quais Características das Cidades Determinam a Atração de Migrantes Qualificados

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Listed:
  • Daniel Da Mata
  • Carlos Wagner de A. Oliveira
  • Cedric Pin
  • Guilherme Resende

Abstract

This article aims to verify the main determinants of migration for a specific category: the qualified labor force. By qualified labor force, we mean persons with high education attainment (one year of college studies or more). The paper presents, first, the ranking of cities with higher attraction of qualified migrant. A specific indicator of qualified migration is elaborated, coined as index of net qualified migration, constructed from the comparison between qualified in-migrants and qualified outmigrants. Águas de São Pedro (SP) is the place with the highest index value. As for the group of municipalities with population higher than 100,000 inhabitants, São Paulo (SP) is the city in Brazil that has the highest net qualified migration index. Besides, the empirical analysis carried out in the paper aim to verify the main cities? characteristics concerning the attraction of qualified migrants. Spatial econometrics models, employed to correct for potential errors in the empirical strategy, corroborated the results estimated via ordinary least squares (OLS) models. Labor market dynamics, less social inequality, less crime, proximity to the coast and less rigorous climate are important factors behind the qualified migrants? choices to locate in a city.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel Da Mata & Carlos Wagner de A. Oliveira & Cedric Pin & Guilherme Resende, 2007. "Quais Características das Cidades Determinam a Atração de Migrantes Qualificados," Discussion Papers 1305, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1305
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    Cited by:

    1. Ana Barufi, 2013. "Expansion of undergraduate courses positions impacting the migration of students in Brazil: an analysis with the Demographic Census of 2010," ERSA conference papers ersa13p1157, European Regional Science Association.
    2. Daniel da Mata & Guilherme Mendes Resende, 2008. "Skilled Migration And Cities Dynamics: The Case Of Minas Gerais," Anais do XIII Seminário sobre a Economia Mineira [Proceedings of the 13th Seminar on the Economy of Minas Gerais], in: Anais do XIII Seminário sobre a Economia Mineira [Proceedings of the 13th Seminar on the Economy of Minas Gerais], Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais.
    3. Erika Ribeiro & Eduardo Almeida, 2015. "Are there evidences of race to the bottom and welfare migration in Brazilians municipalities?," ERSA conference papers ersa15p1433, European Regional Science Association.
    4. Verônica De Castro Lameira & Eduardo Gonçalves & Ricardo Da Silva Freguglia, 2016. "Migratory Effectiveness In The Labor Market: Evidence From Brazil," Anais do XLIII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 43rd Brazilian Economics Meeting] 228, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].

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