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A Socially Inclusive Pathway to Food Security: The Agroecological Alternative


  • Ben McKay

    () (IPC-IG)


With roughly 1 billion people unable to meet their minimum daily caloric intake, the issue of food security is imperative to overcoming rural poverty. The way in which we produce food plays an extremely important role in solving the hunger epidemic and reaching the first Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of eradicating extreme hunger and poverty. The dominant model of agricultural development practised by many countries today is based on chemical-intensive agro-industrial complexes growing monocultures for export. This model of corporate-controlled agro-industry has failed to produce positive results economically, environmentally or socially. As one of the main contributors of greenhouse gas emissions, the agro-industrial model is exacerbating global climate change, degrading arable land, deteriorating public health, decreasing food quality and disrupting traditional rural livelihoods. Although this model was deemed to produce higher yields and increase productivity, it has failed to increase food security around the world. In fact, since the United Nations? Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) started calculating the number of undernourished persons worldwide in 1969, the number of hungry people has increased by about 8 per cent ?from 878 million in 1969 to an estimated 925 million in 2010 (FAO, 2012). (?)

Suggested Citation

  • Ben McKay, 2012. "A Socially Inclusive Pathway to Food Security: The Agroecological Alternative," Policy Research Brief 23, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipc:pbrief:23

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Vargas-Hernández, 2005. "Questions of Ownership: Social Implications of the Mexican Privatisation Programme," Asia Pacific Journal of Public Administration, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(2), pages 221-238, December.
    2. Antonio Yunez--Naude, 2003. "The Dismantling of CONASUPO, a Mexican State Trader in Agriculture," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(1), pages 97-122, January.
    3. Manuela Angelucci & Orazio Attanasio, 2009. "Oportunidades: Program Effect on Consumption, Low Participation, and Methodological Issues," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 57(3), pages 479-506, April.
    4. Benjamin Davisky & Sudhanshu Handa & Marta Ruiz & Marco Stampini & Paul Winters, 2005. "An impact Evaluation of Agricultural Subsidies on Human Capital Development and Poverty Reudction: Evidence from Rural Mexico," OVE Working Papers 0305, Inter-American Development Bank, Office of Evaluation and Oversight (OVE).
    5. Jessica Erin Todd & Paul Winters & Tom Hertz, 2010. "Conditional Cash Transfers and Agricultural Production: Lessons from the Oportunidades Experience in Mexico," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(1), pages 39-67.
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