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Approfondir le profilage géographique de la pauvreté en RDC: l’introduction d’indices composites sur base des avoirs

  • Marivoet, Wim
  • Keje, Hugues

Par nécessité ainsi qu’à cause de leur valeur intrinsèque et complémentaire, les méthodes synthétiques sur base des avoirs (en anglais: « asset-based approaches ») ont dernièrement regagné en importance dans l’évaluation de la pauvreté. Dans ce papier de recherche, on va appliquer l’une de ces méthodes statistiques sur les données de l’Enquête 1-2-3 (2004-5), en complétant ainsi le profil de la pauvreté monétaire en RDC. Les résultats de cette étude montrent que les ménages dans le milieu urbain disposent d’un ensemble d’avoirs plus important, de telle sorte qu’ils sont moins vulnérables aux chocs et plus capables de poursuivre une meilleure vie que leurs homologues ruraux. Ceci compte d’autant plus pour la province urbanisée de Kinshasa par rapport, à l’autre bout de l’échelle, aux provinces du Bandundu, du Maniema, Orientale et de l’Equateur. Par conséquent, et après avoir examiné les dimensions ‘budget’ et ‘capital’, on constate que la pauvreté urbaine en RDC est moins structurelle que celle de la campagne, ce qui nécessite donc des interventions d’un autre type. By necessity as well as because of their intrinsic and complementary value, the asset-based approaches have recently regained importance in the field of poverty measurement. In this study, we apply one of these statistical methods based upon the findings of Survey 1-2-3 (2004-5), thus completing the profile of monetary poverty within the DRC. The results of this survey indicate that households from urban areas possess an aggregate of more important assets, which makes them less vulnerable to shocks and enables them to lead a better life than those in rural areas. This actually holds more true for the province of Kinshasa than for the provinces of Bandundu, Maniema, Oriental and Equateur. As a result, after having considered the ‘budget’ and ‘capital’ dimensions, we conclude that urban poverty within the DRC is less structural than poverty in the countryside, which necessitates interventions of another kind.

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Paper provided by Universiteit Antwerpen, Institute of Development Policy and Management (IOB) in its series IOB Discussion Papers with number 2011.01.

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Length: 44 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2011
Handle: RePEc:iob:dpaper:2011001
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